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Hiroshima Day 2021: History, Facts and Impacts

Shikha Goyal

Hiroshima Day 2021: American bomber Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The bomb was equivalent to the power of 12-15,000 tons of TNT and known as Little Boy. It reduced four square miles of the city to ruins killing almost 80,000 people and injuring about 35,000. 

After three days another atomic bomb was dropped in Nagasaki, Japan. As a result, Emperor of Japan Hirohito announced unconditional surrender in World War II on the radio on August 15 by informing the devastating power of a new and most cruel bomb.

Till now people didn't saw again the use of the nuclear bomb on civilians but what people suffered in Japan even can't be explained. The situations at that time become worst. People suffered several types of diseases due to exposure to radiation.

This bombing ended Second World War. The annual event is organised by the Galway Alliance Against War in Eyre Square. It marks the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the United States in 1945. To promote "peace politics" the Galway Alliance Against War holds the event every year with various programs like music, song, dance, etc.

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The nuclear bomb that was dropped in Hiroshima city of Japan was named "Little Boy". What is the story behind it? The first target selected by the American forces to throw a bomb was a manufacturing center of about 350,000 people located about 500 miles from Tokyo. On the Pacific island of Tinian, after arriving at the U.S base the 9000-pound Uranium-235 bomb was loaded aboard a modified B-29 bomber named “Enola Gay”. The plane dropped the bomb known as "Little Boy" at 8:15 am Japanese time and it was exploded approx. 2000 feet above Hiroshima in a blast equal to 12-15,000 tons of TNT and destroyed around four square miles of the city.

But Japan did not surrender in the Second World War, and then further another nuclear bomb was dropped in Nagasaki which results in the surrender of the Japanese Emperor and in this way Second World War came to an end. No doubt two cities were destroyed at that time.

What was the damage caused by the “Little Boy” bomb in Hiroshima?

When the bomb was exploded in Hiroshima, Japan, the city was struck by a flash of blinding light, and then a giant-shaped cloud was formed like a mushroom. In fact, with a 2.5 km of radius, the bomb blast had flattened the buildings. Let us tell you that before dropping the bomb there were around 90,000 buildings in Hiroshima and after the bomb blast, only 28,000 remained. Several thousands of people were killed and injured. As we know that it was not a normal bomb, people suffered a lot even later on also. The nuclear radiation that came out from the bomb when it was exploded caused horrible illness among people. Because of these injuries, thousands of more people died and the sickness caused due to the radiation followed weeks, months, and years.

What is the reason for the U.S dropping the bomb?

As we know that during Second World War Japan was against America and its allies including Britain and the Soviet Union. The allies were winning the war and Japan was pushed back from several locations. Fighting during the war was very horrible. Several soldiers were dying every day. Japan had been at war for so many years. And as a result countries near to it like China and Japan together had attacked America. Everywhere there were soldiers of Japanese troops and were very cruel. They were so cruel that the soldiers of Britishers and Americans who had surrendered were treated very badly by Japanese soldiers. The president of the US Harry S Truman wanted to surrender Japanese soldiers as quickly as possible so that he could save lives. So, he threw a nuclear bomb with the view that the Japanese while seeing the destruction will surrender. The US wanted to avoid the invasion of Japan via land. As it could take around 250,000 US soldiers' lives because 2.5 million Japanese troops were stationed. According to some historians, the US also wanted to avoid Japan being occupied by the Soviet Union. And so, America dropped the nuclear bomb in Hiroshima, Japan.

So, this is all about the Little boy nuclear bomb that was dropped on August 6 at Hiroshima, Japan, and destroyed almost all the city.

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