List of all Presidents of India

Article 52 of the Indian constitution says that there shall be a President of India. Mr. Ram Nath Kovind is the 14th President of India in person.

Article 74(1) of the Constitution states that there shall be a council of ministers with Prime Minister as its head to aid and advice the President of India.

Prime Minister is the leader of the Cabinet Ministers. Main executive powers of the government are vested in the Prime Minister while the President is the nominal head of the State.

Constitutional Provision:

Article 52 of the Indian constitution says that there shall be a President of India. The executive power of the union vested in the President.

Position: He is the constitutional head of the parliamentary system of the government. He represents the nation but does not rule it. The real power vests with the council of ministers.

Election:  President is elected by the electoral college of (i) elected members of both house of the Parliament (ii) elected members of state legislatures (iii) elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Delhi and Puducherry (added by 70th amendment Act, 1992).

Indian Polity & Governance: A Complete Study Material

Tenure: Elected for five years but eligible for immediate re- election and can serve any number of terms.

Removal: Article 61 says that President can be removed from the post for violation of the constitution before the expiry of his term by the impeachment. This impeachment can be moved in either house of parliament.

Here is the list of all the 13 Presidents of India

S.N.

Name

Tenure

Remark

1.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

26 January 1950 to 12 May 1962

First president, longest tenure (12 years)

2.

S. Radhakrishnan

13 May 1962 to13 May 1967

He was the first President from South India.Teachers day is celebrated on 5 Sept. to honour his birthday.

3.

Dr. Zakir Hussain

13 May 1967 to 3 May 1969

President with shortest tenure, first Muslim president to die in harness

4.

Varahagiri Venkata Giri

3 May 1969 to 20 July 1969

First acting president of India

 

Mohammad Hidayatullah

20 July 1969 to 24 August 1969

Served as the Chief Justice of India, and was a recipient of the Order of the British Empire.

 

Varahagiri Venkata Giri

24 August 1969  to 24 August 1974

Giri is the only person to have served as both an acting president and president of India.

5.

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

24 August 1974    to 11 February 1977

second Indian president to die in office.

 

Basappa Danappa Jatti

11 February 1977 to 25 July 1977

Served as acting President of India upon Ahmed's death

6.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

25 July 1977 to 25 July 1982

 Youngest to become president @ 64 yr, first president who did not become vice -president

7.

Giani Zail Singh

25 July 1982 to 25 July 1987

First Sikh President

8.

Ramaswamy Venkataraman

 

25 July to 1987    25 July 1992

Oldest to become President @ 76 yr

9.

Shankar Dayal Sharma

25 July 1992 to 25 July 1997

Sharma was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh

10.

Kocheril Raman Narayanan

25 July 1997 to 25 July 2002

He was the first President from Kerala, and also the first Dalit President.

11.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007

He was the first bachelor/Scientist president of India, and the first Muslim President who completed his term.

12.

Pratibha Patil

25 July 2007 to25 July 2012

first woman to become the President of India.

13.

Pranab Mukherjee

 From 5 July 2012,            Incumbent

Served as the Foreign Minister, Defence Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.

14. Ram Nath Kovind 25 July 2017--Incumbent  14th President of India

Seven Presidents have been members of a political party before being elected. Six of these were active party members of the Congress Party. Dr.  Rajendra Prasad (first President of India) is the only person to have held office for two terms. Incumbent President Ram Nath Kovind was the Governor of Bihar before becoming the President of India. This list of all the Presidents of India is very important for all the competitive exams.

Indian Polity & Governance: Complete Study Material

List of Vice-Presidents in India and their Term of Office

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