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List of Important Ratnis and Officials of Vedic Period

At the time early Vedic age, the fundamental unit of power lied within the realm of patriarchal family which was called as Kula. In the later Vedic age, the concept of state was emerged and the idea of Kingship evolved gradually from clan chieftainship. Over the time, the legitimisation of King's power increases by rituals of sacrifice (Yajna) by the priests and meanwhile defined the officials who subordinate the King and state-affairs. There are five types of State System during Vedic period which is given:

1. Rajya (Central kingdom): Ruled by the Raja

2. Bhojya (Southern kingdom): Ruled by the Bhoja

3. Swarajya (Western kingdom): Ruled by the Svarat

4. Vairajya (Northern kingdom): Ruled by the Virat

5. Samrajya (Eastern kingdom):  Ruled by the Samrat

Over the time, the legitimisation of King's power increases by rituals of sacrifice (Yajna) by the priests and meanwhile defined the officials who subordinate the King in its state-affairs.

List of Vedic Literature| Sacred Hindu Scriptures

Ratnis and Officials of Vedic Period

Ratnis and Officials

Working area (Description)

Purohita

Chief priest, also sometimes referred to as the Rashtragopa

Senani

Supreme Commander of the army

Vrajapati

Officer Incharge of the Pasture land

Jivagribha

Police officer

Spasas/Dutas

Spies, who also sometimes worked as messengers

Gramani

Head of the village

Kulapati

Head of Family

Madhyamasi

Mediator of Disputes

Bhagadugha

Revenue Collector

Sangrihitri

Treasurer

Mahishi

The Chief Queen

Suta

Charioteer and Court Minister

Govinkartana

Keeper of Games and Forests

Palagala

Messenger

Kshatri

Chamberian

Akshavapa

Accountant

Athapati

Chief Judge

Takshan

Carpenter

The king ruled with the consent and approval of the people and the prime duty of the king were to protect the tribe in which assisted by the above ratnis and officials. The political units during the Rig Vedic or the early Vedic period comprised of Grama (village), Vish and Jana. There were several tribal kingdoms during the Rig Vedic period such as Bharatas, Matsyas, Yadus and Purus. There was no regular revenue system and the kingdom was maintained by the voluntary tribute (Bali) of the people and the booty won in battle.

History of Ancient India: Complete Study Material

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