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List of local names of shifting cultivation around the world

The Shifting cultivation is a form of agricultural practice or a cultivation system in which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored. As per UN report, more than 250 million populations in the world derive subsistence from the practice of shifting cultivation and ecological consequences are often harmful.  It has diverse forms, remains a permeate practice of the tropical region.

List of local names of shifting cultivation around the world

Name of Shifting Cultivation

Region

Ray

Vietnam

Tavi

Madagascar

Masole

Congo (Zaire river Valley)

Fang

Equatorial African Countries

Logan

Western Africa

Comile

Mexico

Milpa

Yucatan and Guatemala

Echalin

Guadeloupe

Milya

Mexico and Central America

Konuko

Venezuela

Roka

Brazil

Chetemini

Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe

Caingin

Philippines

Taungya

Myanmar

Chena

Sri Lanka

Ladang

Java and Indonesia

Tamrai

Thailand

Humah

Java and Indonesia

India

Jhum

North-eastern India

Vevar and Dahiyaar

Bundelkhand Region (Madhya Pradesh)

Deepa

Bastar District (Madhya Pradesh)

Zara and Erka

Southern States

Batra

South-eastern Rajasthan

Podu

Andhra Pradesh

Kumari

Hilly Region of the Western Ghats of Kerala

Kaman, Vinga and Dhavi

Odisha

Although, it is not very productive but also provides a bare living for the people who are too poor to afford fertilizer or farm machinery. Traditionally, this practice of agriculture also helps in minimising the soil erosion because most of the land is not cultivated at any given time. According to Conklin, shifting cultivation implies an aimless, unplanned nomadic movement or an abrupt change in location, either of which may refer to the cropping area, the agriculturists or both. It is traditional forms of agriculture which was practiced by early humans and its survival in the modern world suggests that it is a flexible and highly adaptive means of production. However, it is also a grossly misunderstood practice.

Environment & Ecology: Complete Study Material

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