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List of Official Languages of Indian States and Union Territories

Arfa Javaid

Being one of the world's most linguistically diversified nations, India has a total of 121 languages and 270 mother tongues. Keeping this in view, states in India can choose their own official language(s) through legislation. 

India has two Official Languages (Hindi and English) and 22 Scheduled Languages as per the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India-- Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu-- to avoid any hindrance to both public and private affairs. 

Check the complete list of Official Languages of Indian States and Union Territories, along with the Second Official Language(s) below. 

List of Official Languages by States 

S.No. State Official Languages Second Official Language(s)
1. Andhra Pradesh Telugu English
2. Arunachal Pradesh English -
3. Assam Assamese Bengali, Bodo
4. Bihar Hindi Urdu
5. Chhattisgarh Hindi Chhattisgarhi
6. Goa Konkani, English Marathi
7. Gujarat Gujarati Hindi
8. Haryana Hindi English, Punjabi
9. Himachal Pradesh Hindi Sanskrit
10. Jharkhand Hindi Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Ho, Kharia, Khortha, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali and Urdu
11. Karnataka Kannada English
12. Kerala Malayalam English
13. Madhya Pradesh Hindi -
14. Maharashtra Marathi -
15. Manipur Manipuri English
16. Meghalaya English Khasi and Garo
17. Mizoram Mizo English, Hindi
18. Nagaland English -
19. Odisha Odia -
20. Punjab Punjabi -
21. Rajasthan Hindi -
22. Sikkim English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang
23. Tamil Nadu Tamil English
24. Telangana Telugu Urdu
25. Tripura Bengali, English, Kokborok -
26. Uttar Pradesh Hindi Urdu
27. Uttarakhand Hindi Sanskrit
28. West Bengal Bengali, English Nepali, Urdu, Hindi, Odia, Santali, Punajbi, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi, Kurmali, Kurukh and Telugu

List of Official Languages by Union Territories

S.No. Union Territories Official Languages Second Official Language(s)
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Hindi, English -
2. Chandigarh English -
3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Gujarati, Konkani, Marathi, Hindi -
4. Delhi Hindi, English Urdu and Punjabi
5. Lakshadweep Malayalam English
6. Jammu and Kashmir Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu, English -
7. Ladakh Hindi, English -
8. Puducherry Tamil, French, English Telugu and Malayalam

Note: India has no National Language. 

These were the Official Languages of Indian States and Union Territories. The students appearing for various competitive examinations are advised to go through the above-mentioned list thoroughly. 

Official Languages in Indian Constitution

List of official languages specified in the Constitution of India

FAQ

Which Indian language is the most widely accepted official language by Indian States and Union Territories?

Hindi is the most widely accepted official language by Indian States and Union Territories.

What is the National Language of India?

India has no National Language.

How many languages are listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution?

22 Scheduled Languages as per the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India-- Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.

What are the two official languages of India?

Hindi and English are the two official languages of India.

What are the top 3 languages spoken in India?

As per 2011 Census of India, the top 3 languages are: 1- Hindi with 528,347,193 speakers 2- Bengali with 97,237,669 speakers 3- Marathi with 83,026,680 speakers

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