Ambedkar Jayanti 2023: The birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is observed on April 14 and is also known as Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti. He is considered the leading national builder in our country. The 132nd birth anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar is observed today. Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and said that he has made indelible contributions to the country's progress. He was born on April 14, 1891, in Mhow, India, into a Dalit Mahar family.
Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is popularly known as Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. His birth anniversary is observed on April 14. He was a world-class lawyer, social reformer, and number one world-class scholar as per the Ministry of Social Justice, Government of India. He was credited to be the force behind the Dalit Buddhist movement in India.
He was born on 14th April 1891 in an untouchable family of Mhow (now in Madhya Pradesh) and he died on 6th December 1956 in Delhi.
Key Facts about Dr. B.R. Ambedkar on Ambedkar Jayanti
Ambedkar's Date of Birth: 14 April 1891
Ambedkar's Birthplace: Mhow, Madhya Pradesh (now Dr Ambedkar Nagar)
Ambedkar's Death: 6 December 1956 (age 65)
Other Names: Babasaheb Ambedkar
Ambedkar's Father: Ramji Maloji Sakpal
Ambedkar's Mother: Bhimabai
Wife: Ramabai Ambedkar (married 1906 - died 1935), Dr. Savita Ambedkar (married 1948 - died 2003)
Ambedkar's Son: Yashwant Bhimrao Ambedkar
Grandson: Prakash Ambedkar
Ambedkar's Educational degrees: University of Mumbai (BA), Columbia University (MA, PhD, LL.D.), London
School of Economics (MSc, DSC), Gray's Inn (Barrister-at-Law)
Awards / Honors: Bodhisattva (1956), Bharat Ratna (1990), First Colombian Ahead of Their Time (2004), The Greatest Indian (2012)
Ambedkar's Political Party: Scheduled Caste Federation, Independent Labor Party, Republican Party of India
Social Organization: Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, Samata Sainik Dal
25 Facts about Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
1. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the 14th and last child of his parents.
2. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's real surname was Ambawadekar. But his teacher, Mahadev Ambedkar, gave him Ambedkar's surname in the school records.
3. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was the first Indian to get a Doctorate (Ph.D.) degree in Economics from abroad.
4. Dr. Ambedkar is the only Indian whose statue is attached to Karl Marx in the London Museum.
5. The credit of giving place to "Ashok Chakra" in the Indian Tricolour also goes to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. Although the National flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
6. Nobel Prize winner Prof. Amartya Sen considered Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as his father in economics.
7. For the better development of Madhya Pradesh and Bihar, Babasaheb had proposed the division of these states in the 50s, but only after 2000 Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand were formed by splitting Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.
8. Babasaheb's personal library "Rajgirh" consisted of more than 50,000 books and it was the world's largest private library.
9. The book "Waiting for a visa" written by Dr. Babasaheb is a textbook at Columbia University. Columbia University made a list of the world's top 100 scholars in 2004 and the first name on that list was Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.
10. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was a master in 64 subjects. He had knowledge of 9 languages like Hindi, Pali, Sanskrit, English, French, German, Marathi, Persian, and Gujarati. Apart from this, he studied all the religions of the world in a comparative way for almost 21 years.
11. In the London School of Economics, Babasaheb completed 8 years of studies in just 2 years 3 months. For this, he studied 21 hours a day.
12. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar's initiation into Buddhism with his 8,50,000 supporters historically in the world, because it was the largest conversion in the world.
13. "Mahant Veer Chandramani", a great Buddhist monk who initiated Babasaheb to Buddhism, called him "the modern Buddha of this age".
14. Babasaheb is the first and only person in the world to receive a valuable doctorate degree named "Doctor All Science" from the London School of Economics. Many intelligent students have tried for it, but they have not been successful until now.
15. Worldwide, the highest number of songs and books written in the name of the leader is Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
16. Governor Lord Linlithgow and Mahatma Gandhi believed that Babasaheb is more intelligent than 500 graduates and thousands of scholars.
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17. Babasaheb was the world's first and only Satyagrahi, who did Satyagraha for drinking water.
18. In 1954, in the "World Buddhist Council" held in Kathmandu, Nepal, Buddhist monks had given Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar the highest title of Buddhism "Bodhisattva". His famous book "The Buddha and his Dhamma" is the "scripture" of Indian Buddhists.
19. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar had considered three great men, Lord Buddha, Saint Kabir, and Mahatma Phule as their "instructor".
20. Babasaheb's statue is one of the tallest statues in the world. His birth anniversary is also celebrated all over the world.
21. Babasaheb was the first lawyer from the backward class.
22. Based on a global survey called "The Makers of the Universe" a list of the top 100 humanist people of the last 10 thousand years was made by Oxford University, with which the fourth name was Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
23. Babasaheb Ambedkar has given many suggestions in the book "The Problem of Rupee-Its Origin & its solution" about the demonetization that is being discussed all around in the present time.
24. Everywhere in the world, Buddha's closed-eyed statues and paintings are visible, but Babasaheb, who was also a good painter, made the first painting of Buddha in which Buddha's eyes were opened.
25. The first Statue of Babasaheb was built in the year 1950 when he was alive and this statue is established in Kolhapur City.
26. Babasaheb Ambedkar is the only Indian who tops the world's 1st talented person, according to Cambridge University, England 2011.
27. Using the principles from Babasaheb Ambedkar's book "Problem of Rupee: Its Origin and Solutions," RBI was established on April 1st, 1935.
28. The first Indian to advocate in front of the Southborough Commission for the "Universal Adult Franchise" was Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
29. At the 7th session of the Indian Labour Conference, held in New Delhi on November 27, 1942, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar reduced the working period from 12 to 8 hours.
30. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar also instituted the "Revision of Scale of Pay," "Leave Benefit," and "Dearness Allowance" (DA).
So, these were 25 unknown facts about this great Indian scholar who paved the way for the upliftment of crores of Scheduled tribes and Scheduled people of India. He is treated as God by crores of his followers.
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