The world of science and medicine is perhaps the most confusing, so people from non-medical backgrounds are bound to get confused when they come across complex medical terminologies and scientific jargon. One example is the common confusion between psychologists and psychiatrists. People frequently confuse the two and use them interchangeably.
Hence, we're here to clear up any confusion between these two mental health professionals and help you understand them better.
However, before we go into the differences between psychologists and psychiatrists, let us first define what they are.
What are Psychologists?
Psychologists are trained professionals who have studied human behaviour and mental processes and use that knowledge in order to analyse, diagnose, and treat people with mental health illnesses or emotional challenges. They are trained in the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes known as psychology, and they use this information to understand and address numerous elements of human functioning such as cognition, emotion, perception, motivation, personality, and social interaction.
According to WebMD, there are mainly five different areas of psychology- clinical psychology, counselling psychology, neuropsychology, forensic psychology, and health psychology, and what one psychologist specialises in may not be what a concerned person requires.
So, before consulting a psychologist, it is important to do thorough research and choose one according to the needs of the concerned.
It is worth mentioning that psychologists do not prescribe medicines. Nonetheless, in order to provide comprehensive care for their clients, they frequently collaborate with other mental health specialists, such as psychiatrists or general practitioners.
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What are psychiatrists?
Psychiatrists are highly skilled medical practitioners who used their knowledge and expertise to analyze, diagnose, treat, and cure mental illnesses and disorders. Unlike psychologists, they are licenced to administer medications and use a variety of psychotherapy procedures to assist those suffering from mental illnesses.
Through evaluations and examinations of their patient’s mental, emotional, and physical health, these skilled professionals examine and diagnose mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.
There are many areas of psychiatry like child and adolescent psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, addiction psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, and others. To provide complete care, psychiatrists also collaborate with other healthcare experts such as psychologists, social workers, and counsellors.
Now, let’s move on to the differences between the two.
Difference between Psychologists and Psychiatrists
Both psychologists and psychiatrists are trained mental health professionals who work to assess, diagnose, and treat individuals with mental health disorders. They are often used interchangeably, so let’s take a look at the differences between the two:
- Psychologists hold a doctoral degrees in psychology. Their education and training period lasts around 8 years or so. Whereas, psychiatrists are medical doctors with Ph.Ds or Psy.Ds who have completed medical school and specialized in psychiatry during their residency training. Their education and training last around 12 years.
- One major difference between the two is that psychologists are not authorised to prescribe medications, whereas psychiatrists are. Psychologists rely on psychotherapy or talk therapy as their primary mode of treatment. On the other hand, psychiatrists are trained to provide a broader range of treatments, including psychotherapy and medication management.
- Psychologists focus on treating mental health disorders as well as helping the patient in dealing with stress, marital problems, and other mental health issues. Whereas, psychiatrists primarily focus on treating mental health issues.
To sum up, both psychologists and psychiatrists are mental health professionals, each skilled in their area of expertise. The major difference between the two lies in their educational background, treatment method, as well as the ability to prescribe medications. We hope that this article was helpful in clearing the differences between psychologists and psychiatrists.