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Anti Poverty Programmes

13-SEP-2017 18:15

    Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials to enjoy a minimum standard of life and well-being that's considered acceptable in society. It is a significant issue in India, despite having one of the fastest growing economies in the world and a sizable consumer economy. Here, we are giving the list of anti-poverty programmes in India for general awareness.

    Poverty in India

    List of Anti-Poverty Programmes in India

    Anti-Poverty Programmes

    Year of Beginning

    Objective/Description

     Antodaya Yojana

    1977

    To make the poorest families of the village economically independent (only in Rajasthan)

    Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)

    1978-79

    All Round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self-employment.

    Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)

    1982

    To provide suitable opportunities of self-employment to the women belonging to the rural families who are living below the poverty line.

    National Housing Bank Voluntary Deposit Scheme

    1991

    To utilize black money for constructing low cost housing for the poor.

    Employment Assurance Scheme

    1993

    To provide gainful employment during the lean agricultural season in manual work to all able bodied adults in rural areas who are in need and desirous of work, but cannot find it..

    National Social Assistance Programme

    1995

    To assist people living below the poverty line.

    Swarnajayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJRY)

    1997

    It seeks to provide employment to the urban unemployed lying below poverty line and educate upto IX standard through encouraging the setting up of self-employment ventures or provision of wage employment.

    Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)

    1999

    Assistance is given to the poor families living below the poverty line in rural areas for taking up self-employment.

    Pradhanmantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY)

    2000

    Focus on village level development in 5 critical areas, i.e. primary health, primary education, housing, rural roads and drinking water and nutrition with the overall objective of improving the quality of life of people in rural areas. 

    Antidaya Anna Yojana

    2000

    It aims at providing food securities to poor families.

    Jan Shree Bima Yojana

    2000

    Providing insurance security to people below poverty line.

    Shiksha Sahyog Yojana

    2001

    Education of Children below poverty line.

     Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY)

    2001

    Providing gainful employment for the rural poor.

    Jai Prakash Narayan Rojgar Guarantee Yojana

    Proposed in 2002-03 budget

    Employment Guarantee in most poor districts.

    National Food for Work Programme

    November 14, 2004

    To provide additional resources available under Sampoorna Grameen Rojgar Yojna. This was 100% centrally funded programme. Now this programme has been subsumed in the MGNREGA from Feb....... 2, 2006.

    National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS)

    2005

    To provide legal guarantee for 100 days of wage employment to every household in the rural areas of the country each year, To combine the twin goals of providing employment and
    asset creation in rural areas

    National Rural Livelihood Mission: Ajeevika

    Note: In November 2015, the program was renamed Deendayal Antayodaya Yojana (DAY-NRLM).

    2011

    To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots institutions of the poor.

    Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna

    16 July, 2015

    To encourage aptitude towards employable skills and to increase working efficiency of probable and existing daily wage earners, by giving monetary awards and rewards and by providing quality training to them. 

    National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY)

    21 January 2015

    To bringing together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.

    In the above list of Anti-Poverty Programmes in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

    List of Various Rural Development Schemes in India

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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