Bihar at a Glance: Fact finding

06-JAN-2016 15:46

    Bihar is a state in East India, bordering Nepal. It is divided by the River Ganges, which floods its fertile plains. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara which means "abode". The region roughly encompassing the present state was dotted with Buddhist vihara, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. It is the 13th largest state, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi) and the 3rd largest by population. It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south.

    JagranjoshJagranjosh

    Source: socialdosa.com                                                               www.gis.bih.nic.in

    Area

    94,163.00 sq. kms

    Population

    10,38,04,637 (2011 census)

    Establishment

    26 Jan., 1950

    Language

    Hindi and Urdu are the official languages of the State. Other languages of the state are Bhojpuri (38.5 million speakers), Maithili (25 million), Magahi (20 million), Bajjika (8.7 million), and Angika (0.7 million), of which only Maithili is recognized by the government of India.

    Climate

    Avg. temperature 27 °C (81 °F),Summer 34 °C (93 °F),Winter 10 °C (50 °F),Precipitation 1,200 mm (47 in)

    Capital 

    Patna

    Members of Lok Sabha

    40

    Airports

    Bokaro, Darbhanga, Gaya, Madhubani, Purnea, Saharsa, Muzaffarpur

    Religious (Segmentation of Population) census 2011

    Hindus- 82.7%

    Muslims-16.9%         

    Christians-0.1%          

    Others-0.3%  

    Festivals

    Apart from Chhath, all major festivals of India are celebrated in Bihar, such as Makar Sankranti, Saraswati Puja, Holi, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha (often called Eid-ul-Zuha in the Indian Subcontinent), Muharram, Ram Navami, Rath yatra, Rakshabandhan, Maha Shivaratri, Durga Puja, Diwali, Laxmi Puja, Christmas, Mahavir jayanti

    Economy  Size

    SGDP $67.254 billion(2014-15)

    By sectors, its composition is:

    Agriculture = 22%

    Industry = 5%

    Services = 73%.

    Literacy

    63.82% of total population

    Districts

    38

    Legislature

    Bicameral

    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    916 Per Thousand male

    Principal Folk Dances

    Jhijhian Dance, Jat-Jatin Dance, Kajari Dance, Sohar-Khilouna Dance, Holi Dance,Jhumeri Dance,Harvesting Dance

    Principal Crops

    Paddy, Wheat, Mango, oilseeds,Tobacco, Guava, Litchi, Pineapple, Brinjal, Cauliflower, Bhindi, and Cabbage etc.

    Rivers

    Ganga, Sone, Kosi, Gandak, Sarayu

    Principal Minerals

    Bihar is a producer of Steatite (945 tonnes), Pyrites (9,539 tonnes/year), Quartzite (14,865 tonnes/year), Crude Mica (53 tonnes/year), Limeston (4,78,000 tonnes/year). Bihar has also some good resource of Bauxite in Jamui district, Cement Morter in Bhabhua, Dolomite in Bhabhua, Glass sand in Bhabhua, Mica in Muzaffarpur, Nawada, Jamui, Gaya and salt in Gaya and Jamui.

    Tourist Spot & Historical Places

    Excavation

    Kumhrar

    Agam Kuan

    Barabar Caves

    Nalanda

    Vikramashila

    Ancient

    Vishnupada Temple

    Mahabodhi Temple

    Sasaram

    Pataliputra

    Brahmayoni Hill

    Forts

    Rohtasgarh Fort

    Sasaram Fort

    Palamu Fort

    Jalalgarh Fort

    RajMahal

    Munger Fort

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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