Biological Science: List of Inventions and Discoveries

In contemporary world there have been undergone tremendous expansions of Biological Sciences such as Cell Biology, Neuroscience and Evolutionary Biology through the advancement of various inventions and discoveries that not only improved the quality of living but also increases life expectancy.
Created On: Jun 30, 2016 15:24 IST
Modified On: Jun 30, 2016 17:10 IST

In contemporary world there have been undergone tremendous expansions of Biological Sciences such as Cell Biology, Neuroscience and Evolutionary Biology through the advancement of various inventions and discoveries that not only improved the quality of living but also increases life expectancy. Here is the list of Inventions and Discoveries in Biological Science which will help the students not only in the preparation of Competitive examinations like NDA, SSC, State Services, Banking, etc but also in academic studies.

Inventions and Discoveries of Biological Science are as follows:

Associated Terms

Inventors

Vitamins

Hopkins

Antigen

Landsteiner

DNA

Watson & Crick

DDT

Paul Muller

Homeopathy

Samuel Hahnemann

Insulin

Bating & West

Polio Vaccine

J. E. Salk

TB Bacteria

Robert Koch

BCG

Calmette and Guerin

Bacteria

Leeuwenhoek

Open Heart Surgery

Walton Lillehei

Streptomycin

Waksman

Stethoscope

Rene Laennec

Penicillin

A. Fleming

RNA

Watson & Arthur

Microbes of Malaria

Charles Laveran

Kidney Machine

DrWillem Kolff

Heart Transplantation

Christiaan Barnard

Anti-pregnancy pills

Pincus

Genetic Code

Har Gobind Khorana

First Test tube baby

Edwards & Steptoe

Blood Circulation

William Harvey

Bacteria of Leprosy

Henson

Vaccination

Edward  Jenner

Polio Drop

Albert Sabin

Gene of Cancer

Robert Weinberg

Chloroform

Harrison & Simpson

Rh factor, blood replacement

Charles Landsteiner

Sex Hormones

Eugen Stainak

Sperm

Humm & Leeuwenhoek

Spleen-Functions

Barcroft

Streptomycin – antibiotic

Selman Waksman

Sulpha drugs

Domagk G.

Three- Kingdom Classification

Ernest Haeckel

Thyroxin

Edward Calvin

Turner’s Syndrome

Turner

Cancer

Robert Wellberg

X-rays

Roentgen

Zymase, the first enzyme

Edward Buchner

ABA (Abscisic acid)

Addicott

Amoeba

Roesel Von Rosenhof

Animal Cloning-First (frogs from tadpole cells)

Robert Briggs and Thomas King

Antibody against Rabies

Louis Pasteur

Antitoxin against Diphtheria

Won Berring

Artificial Heart

Michael Dibake

Aspirin

Dresser

ATP

Lohmann K

Bacteriophage

Towrt and De Herelle

Biocatalysts

Bushner

Biochemical Evolution

Wald

Blood Capillaries

Marcello  Malpighi

Blood Circulation

William Harvey

Blood Coagulation-Explained

Moravits

Blood Group (AB)

De Castello and Sturli

Blood Group (O)

De Castello and Sturli

Blood Gropus (A, B and O)

Carl Land Steiner

Blood Pressure- Measured

Stephen Hales

Carbon Dating

Libby W.F

Cell

Robert Hooke

Cell Division

Hofmeister

Cell Theory

Schleiden and Schwann

Chemotherapy

Paul Erlich

Chloroform

James Simpson

Chloromycetin (antibiotic)

Burk Holder

Chloroplast

Schimper

Cholera Bacteria

Robert Koch

Chromatin

Fleming W

Chromatography

Michael Tswett

Chromosomes (Nuclear Filaments)-described

Anton Schneider

Colour Blindness (Daltonism)

Hornerd

Compound Microscope

Zacharias Janssen

Contraceptive Pills

Pincus

Cortisone

Edward Calvin

CT Scan (Computer Assisted Tomography (CAT)

Allan Mcleod Cormack and God Frey Newbold Hounsfield

Cyclosis

Amici G.B.

ECG (Electrocardiogram) Mechanism

Einthoven

Electron Microscope

Knoll M. and Ruska E.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Porter K.R, Claude and Fullman

Evolution of man

Leakey

Five Kingdom Classification

Flower-its reproductive parts

Whittaker R.H

Grew

Foot and Mouth Disease- First viral disease of animals

Loeffler F.  and Frosch A.

Four-Kingdom Classification

Copeland

Glycolysis (EMP pathway)

Embden, Meyerhof and Parnas

Glyoxysomes

Breidenbach

Golgibodies

Camillo Golgi

Green Revolution

Norman E. Borlaug

Haemophilia

John C. Otto

Heart transplantation Surgery

Christian Bernard

HIV

Luc Montagnier

Hormones

Bayliss and Starling

Human Gene Therapy

Martin Clive

Insulin

Sir Frederick Grant Branding; J.J.R Macleod

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