Biology: The Science of Life
Biology : The Science of Life
The aim of biology is to explain the living world in terms of scientific principles. Aristotle, the great Greek philosopher and teacher, is known as the father of biology and the French naturalist, Jean Baptiste-de Lamarck, was the first to used the word ‘biology’ in 1800. Biology today is subdivided into numerous branches based on the molecule, the cell, the organism and the population.
Living and Non-Living
There are seven characteristics that can be observed, more or less, in all living organisms. In order to maintain themselves and prevent disintegration, organisms have an inbuilt self-regulating system to ensure that there is no net energy loss. This control is referred to as homeostasis and operates at all levels of biological organisation, from the molecular level to the community level.