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Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.): Facts at Glance

16-MAR-2016 18:10

    Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.) is situated in Alipurduar Sub-division of Jalpaiguri District of West Bengal. It comprises of the entire Buxa Forest Division (702.44 km2), and a part of Cooch- Behar Forest Division (58.43 km2). The Reserve lies between latitudes 26o30′ and 26o55′ N and longitudes 89o20′ and 89o55′ E. Buxa Tiger Reserve created in 1983 as the 15th tiger reserve in India. In 1992, Government of West Bengal declared its intentions to constitute a National Park over 117.10 km2 of the Buxa Wildlife Sanctuary.

    Location of Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.)

    Jagranjosh

    Jagranjosh

    Wildlife at Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.)-

    Jagranjosh

    Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.): Facts at a Glance-

    1. Buxa Tiger Reserve (B.T.R.) is situated in Alipurduar Sub-division of Jalpaiguri District, West Bengal.
    2. It comprises of the entire Buxa Forest Division (702.44 km2), and a part of Cooch- Behar Forest Division (58.43 km2).
    3. The Reserve lies between latitudes 26o30′ and 26o55′ N and longitudes 89o20′ and 89o55′ E.
    4. Buxa Tiger Reserve created in 1983 as the 15th tiger reserve.
    5. The town Alipurduar is on the broad gauge line of the North -East Frontier Railway connecting Siliguri and Guwahati. The Reserve can be approached by road (30 Km.) from Cooch Behar.

    Fauna of Buxa Tiger Reserve

    Along with the plant diversity, the Buxa Tiger Reserve possesses a wide range of animal diversity. There are 68 species of mammals, 41 species of reptiles and more than 246 species of birds, 4 species of Amphibian along with 73 species of fishes. The main carnivores of Buxa Tiger Reserve are Indian Tiger (Panthera tigris), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Hog badger (Arctonyx collaris), Jungle Cat (Felis chaus), Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Sloth Bear (Melursus unsinus), Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverina), Civet Cat (Viverricula indica), Hyaena (Hyaena hyaena), Jackal (Canis aureus), Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsi), Fox (Vulpes bengalensis), Wild dog (Cuon alpinus) etc. Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata) and Golden Cat (Catopuma temmincki) were reported earlier but in recent years they are visible.

    Types of Forest at Buxa Tiger Reserve

    Jagranjosh

    Forest Classification as per composition of Crops: 

    S/L No.

    Types

    Champion and Seth’s classification

    Principal localities of occurrence

    I.

    Riverine Forests

    Northern dry deciduous seral Sal, Khair, Sissoo, Simul Association (5B/IS2)

    River banks of Rydak, Pana, Jainti, Dhawla, Basra in NRD, CRD, MKT, Pana, Bhutri, Jainti, Dhawla , BNB and GDB blocks.

    II.

    Sal forests

    Eastern Bhabar and Terai Sal (3C/CIb and 3C/CIC)

    Bhabar sal forest occurs in Raimatang, Jainti and few comptts of NRVK blocks.Terai sal forest occurs in S.Rydak, SRVK and Damanpur Blocks.

    III.

    Dry mixed forests

    East Himalayan Moist Mixed deciduous forest (3C/C3b)

    Northern part of the Reserve. More/ less north of 25thmile.

    IV.

    Wet mixed forests

    Sub-Himalayan Secondary Wet Mixed forest (2B/2S3)

    The forests South of 21stMile and some portion of S.Rydak block.

    V.

    Semi-evergreen forests

    Eastern Sub-montane semi-evergreen forest (2B/CIb)

    This type is found in RTG-2, 3, STB-3, 4, Tashigaon-1 and Bhutanghat-1, 2 compartments.

    VI.

    Evergreen forests

    Northern Tropical Evergreen forests (1B/C1a)

    This type is found close to streams which rises in the plains and occupies a very small area in comparison to other types.

    VII.

    Hill forests

    East Himalayan Subtropical Wet Hill forest (8B/CI)

    Found in Adma, Chunabhati, Tobgaon, Santrabari, Tashigaon, Fashkhawa, and Hatipota blocks.

    VIII.

    Savannah forests

    Moist Sal Savannah (3C/DSI) and Low alluvium Savannah woodland (3C/3/1S1)

    Riverine areas of N.Rydak,

    Climate at the Buxa Tiger Reserve

    Temperature:  The area comes in the moist tropical zone. The average day temperature ranges from 12oC to 21oC from November to February, between 27oC to 32oC from May to September, between 24oC to 27oC for the rest of the months.  There is an big variation in day & night temperature throughout the year. Sometimes winter nights are too severe. From July to September, the days & early evenings are moist & hot and indeed oppressive; however, nights are always cooler.

    Rainfall: South – West monsoon is the main source of rainfall.   The Reserve receives maximum rainfall from mid June to September. The rainfall is very high during the month of June, July & August. It subsides from the early September and disappears during the first week of October. December is the driest month with minimum rainfall. March experiences maximum of winter rain. Pre-monsoon showers accompanied by hail & thunder storm occur in the month of April to May.

    The average annual rainfall in the Reserve is about 4100mm, increasing a little towards North. Along the foot hills the rainfall varies according to the configuration of the hills; on the outer ranges of the hills it reaches around 5000mm.per year. The average annual rainfall at Rajabhatkhawa is 3750mm. while that in Buxaduar (altitude 780 mt.) is 5600mm. highest rainfall in a day in last 10 years was recorded as 992 mm. on 19th July 1993. It caused devastating flood in Alipurduar.

    Humidity: As  the  Reserve  is  located  in  the  foothills  of  the outer Himalayas,   it remain adequately humid throughout the year. Maximum relative humidity varies between 80% – 95%, seldom below 75% with a maximum in June to September and minimum in December to February.

    Wind: The Reserve does not experience any high gale possibly due to existence of large chunk of dense forest cover. However, severe storms sometimes accompanied by hail occur in the months of April & May and rarely in September and October.

    Image source: http://www.buxatigerreserve.com/birds-insects/

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