The Lodi Empire was established by the Ghizali tribe of Afghans. It is said that Bahlol Lodi acted wise and took advantage of the week position of Sayyed ruler’s further capturing Punjab before entering Delhi. He took control of India from the throne of Delhi on April 19th 1451 with the title of “Bahlol Shah Ghazi”. His accession marked the suppression of Sharqi dynasty.
|Lodhi Dynasty – 1451-1526|
The fact remains that the Lodi dynasty got its lost powers because of the big scale immigration of Afghans in India during the Lodi rule. Bahlol Lodhi expanded his kingdom in Gwalior, Jaunpur and North Uttar Pradesh and appointed his eldest son Barbak Shah as the governor of Jaunpur. He was an able administrator, who was continuously conquering territories around Delhi for 26 years. He died in Jalali in 1488. His tomb still stands in Chirag Delhi at South Delhi.
Bahlol Lodhi was succeeded by his second son Sikander Lodhi on 15th July 1489,who was in a continuous state of power struggle with his elder brother Barbak Shah. Sikandar Lodhi is historically known to be a true fanatic Sunni ruler, who destroyed Indian temples at Mathura and Naga Port. He imposed Jaziya on Hindus to prove the supremacy of Islam. He introduced Gaz-i-Sikandiri of 32 digits which helped the farmers to measure their cultivated fields.
He is historically known for the following reasons:-
Sikandar Lodi’s tried to conquer Gwalior fort for five times remained unfulfilled as each time he was defeated by raja Man Singh.
He died in 1517, and was succeeded by his son – Ibrahim Khan Lodi after a war of succession with his elder brother Jalal-ud-Din. They were always at war with each other.
Downfall of Lodhi Dynasty
The accession of Ibrahim Lodi drastically brought down the Lodi Empire within a decade. The main reason being:-
The stern rule of Ibrahim Lodi gave him many secret rivals amongst them the main one being his uncle, the governor of Lahore who betrayed Ibrahim, to take revenge of the insults inflicted by Ibrahim, doing so he invited Babur to invade Lodi kingdom. Babur defeated Ibrahim in the First battle of Panipat, thus bringing a bitter end to the 75 years rule of the Lodhi Dynasty in 1526.