1. Home
  2.  |  
  3. GK for Exams

Cement Industry

28-NOV-2015 14:33

    Cement is essential for construction activity such as building houses, factories, bridges, roads, airports, dams and for other commercial establishments. This industry requires bulky and heavy raw materials like limestone, silica, alumina and gypsum. Coal and electric power are needed apart from rail transportation. The industry has strategically located plants in Gujarat that have suitable access to the market in the Gulf countries. The first cement plant was set up in Chennai in 1904.

    After Independence the industry expanded. Decontrol of price and distribution since 1989 and other policy reforms led the cement industry to make rapid strides in capacity, process, technology and production. There are 128 large plants and 332 mini cement plants in the country. India produces a variety of cement. Improvement in the quality has found the produce a readily available market in East Asia, Middle East, Africa and South Asia apart from a large demand within the country. This industry is doing well in terms of production as well as export. Efforts are being made to generate adequate domestic demand and supply in order to sustain this industry.

    In recent years sea shells, sludge obtain from chemical fertilizers and slag obtained from iron and steel industry are also being used as raw materials besides limestone.

    • Plants based on sea shells: Dwarika, Chennai, Thruvananthpuram and Porbandar.

    • Plant based on sludge: Sludge obtained from the fertilizer palnt in Sindri is the base for the cement plant in Sindri.

    • Plant based on slag: Jhinkpani (Chaibasa, Jharkhand), Bhadravati, Rourkela, Durgapur, Vishakhapatnam, Durg (Chhattisgarh) cement plants have been set up near iron and steel plants.

    Major cement producing states and plants

    Madhya Pradesh - Satna, Katni, Maihar, Jabalpur, Ratlam,  Neemach, Banmor, Akaltara etc.

    Chhattisgarh- Jamul, Durg, Mandhar etc.

    Andhra Pradesh - Vijayawada, Krishna, Guntur, Kurnool, Vishakhapatnam etc.

    Telangana - Adilabad

    Rajasthan - Sawai Madhopur, Udaipur, Lakheri, Churu,  Chittorgarh etc.

    Gujarat - Porbandar, Jamnagar, Dwarika,  Ahmedabad, Sikka, Vadodara, Bhavnagar,  Veraval etc

    Tamil Nadu - Tulukapatti, Thalaiyuthu, Dalmiapuram,  Tirunelveli etc

    Karnataka - Bhadravati, Shahabad, Kurkunta, Bagalkot, Gulbarga etc.

    Maharashtra -  Chanda, Ratnagiri, Sevari, Manikgarh etc.

    Bihar - All cement plants in Bihar have been set  up on the bank of the river Son. Banjari, Dalmianagar, Kalyanpur are major cement plants

    Jharkhand - Sindri, Khelari, Jhinkpani (Chaibasa), Japla (Palamau) etc

    Uttar Pradesh - Churk, Dalla, Chunar etc.

    Haryana - Surajpur, Charkhi Dadri etc

    Odisha - Rajgangpur, Hirakud etc.

    Himachal Pradesh - Rajban, Gagal etc.

    Jammu & Kashmir- Wuyan, Basoli etc.

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

    Latest Videos

    Register to get FREE updates

      All Fields Mandatory
    • (Ex:9123456789)
    • Please Select Your Interest
    • Please specify

    • ajax-loader
    • A verifcation code has been sent to
      your mobile number

      Please enter the verification code below

    This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK