Search

Chandigarh at a Glance: The Beautiful City

Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in the northern part of India that serves as the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana. As a union territory, the city is ruled directly by the Union Government and is not part of either state. The city experiences extreme climate and uneven distribution of rainfall. The roads in Chandigarh are surrounded by trees and it has the third highest forest cover in India at 8.51% following Lakshadweep and Goa.
Jan 25, 2016 12:18 IST

Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in the northern part of India that serves as the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana. As a union territory, the city is ruled directly by the Union Government and is not part of either state. The city experiences extreme climate and uneven distribution of rainfall. The roads in Chandigarh are surrounded by trees and it has the third highest forest cover in India at 8.51% following Lakshadweep and Goa. This UT was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. 

The city derives its name from the temple of "Chandi Mandir" located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity 'Chandi', the goddess of power and a fort of 'garh' laying beyond the temple gave the city its name "Chandigarh-The City Beautiful".

Jagranjosh

Facts about Chandigarh:

 Area

114 sq km

Establishment

UT Since 1966

Population

1,054,686 (2011 census)

Principal official Language

Hindi, Punjabi and English.

Capital 

Chandigarh

Members of Parliament

Lok Sabha -1, Rajya Sabha-0

Airport

Chandigarh

Major Cities

Chandigarh

Festivals

Lohdi, Baishakhi

Economy  Size

Industries:

Hosiery antibiotics, cycles, electrical meter, home appliances. Total 15 industrial units out of which 2 are PSUs. More than 3000 SSIs,

Agriculture: 1400 hectares of cultivable land.

Crops: wheat, maze, paddy.

Forest cover is 27% of the area.

Literacy

86.43%

Districts

1

Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

818/thousand male

Density

9,252 person/ km2

Principal Folk/ Dances

Giddha, Sammi, Bhangra, Teeyan, Jhumar, Gatka, Dhamal, Luddi, Kikili, Julli and Dankara.

Tourist destinations

Zakir Rose Garden, Rock Garden, Shanty Kunj, Lake, Museum, Art Gallery, Capital Complex, And National Gallery Of Portraits.

Religion (2011)

Hinduism (77.8%)

Sikhism (17.1%)

Islam (7%)

Christianity (0.83%)

Jainism (0.19%)

Buddhism (0.11%)

Other religions (0.02%)

Not religious (0.1%)