The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station in Mumbai, is an excellent example of Victorian Gothic architecture in India. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international mercantile port of India. This Railway Station is used by more than three million commuters daily. The terminus was completed in 10 years commenced in 1878. This was the first terminus station in the subcontinent.
Picture of the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus:
Image source: www.thousandwonders.net
Facts at a Glance:
1. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station in Mumbai, is an excellent example of Victorian architecture in India.
2. This building was designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens.
3. It made the Bombay as the symbol of ‘Gothic City’ and the major international mercantile port of India.
4. The terminus was completed in 10 years commenced in 1878.
5. Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture.
6. It is a marvelous example of the meeting of two cultures (British and Indian architecture).
7. This property has been tagged as a “Heritage Grade I” structure under the resolution of Maharashtra State Government Act on 21st April 1997.
8. All legal rights of the property are in the hands of Ministry of Railways, Government of India.
9. Mumbai was the first city in India to have heritage legislation, enacted by Government Regulation in 1995.
10. There are 624 listed buildings in the whole city, out of which 63 buildings are given the tag of Grade-I structures. Terminus building is one of these buildings.
11. Funds for the management of the Terminus station are provided by the Government of India.
12. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) carry two columns, one is crowned with a lion (representing the United Kingdom) and the other with a tiger (representing India) and there are tympana expressing peacocks.
13. The architectural construction is completed through white limestone. The doors and windows are made of Burma teak wood with some steel windows.
14. The premise of the building is a strictly protected area maintained by Indian Railways.
15. The property is protected by a 90.21 hectare buffer zone.
16. The Terminus is one of the major railway stations in the Mumbai .
17. This terminus is used by more than 3 million rail commuters daily.
18. This was the first terminus station in the subcontinent.