Comparing Parliamentary and Presidential Systems in India

The parliament of India provides a parliamentary system of government, at both centre and state level. Articles 74 75 deal with the parliamentary system at the centre and articles 163 164 in the states. President is the nominal executive while the prime minister is the real executive of the country.
Created On: Sep 21, 2016 16:21 IST

The parliament of India provides a parliamentary system of government, at both centre and state level. Articles 74 & 75 deal with the parliamentary system at the centre and articles 163 & 164 in the states. President is the nominal executive while the prime minister is the real executive. The parliamentary system of the government is the one which the executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts.

Parliamentary System

Presidential System

Features:

Features:

1. Dual Executive.

2. Majority party rule

3.Collective Responsibility

4. Political Homogeneity

5. Double Membership

6. Leadership of prime minister.

7. Dissolution of Lower House.

8. Fusion of powers.

1. Single executive

2. President and legislators  elected separately for a fixed term

3. Non- Responsibility

4. Single Membership

5. Domination of president

6. No dissolution of lower house

7. Separation of powers

Merits

Demerits

1. Harmony between legislature and executive.

1. Conflict between legislature and executive.

2. Responsible government.

2. Non-responsible government.

3. Prevents despotism.

3. May lead to autocracy.

4. Wide representation.

4. Narrow representation.

Demerits:

Merits

1. Unstable government.

1. Stable government.

2. No continuity of policies.

2. Definiteness in policies.

3. Against separation of powers

3. Based on separation of powers.

4. Government by amateurs.

4. Government by experts

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