Din-i-Illahi was propounded by Akbar in 1582. Initially, Din-i-Illahi was known as Tauhid-i-ialhi. The word Din was added later. Din-i-Illahi included mysticism, nature worship and philosophy. The religious doctrine of Akbar recognized no prophets. It favoured peace and tolerance. It prohibited human vices such as slander, pride, sensuality and lust. The celibacy was respected while slaughter of animals was forbidden in the new religion.
The major features of Akbar are as following:
1. Cow-eating was forbidden
2. Worship of Sun as creator was instituted
3. The sacred fire worshipped by the Parsis was incorporated
4. The Havana (fire ritual) done by the Hindus was encouraged
Din-i-Illahi was accepted by Abul Fazal, Birbal and Faizi. However, others remained indifferent to the new religion. The new religion died with Akbar’s death but contributed significantly in the unity and integration of India which was unprecedented.
What was Mazhar Nama
Mazhar Nama said that the authority of the King was higher than that of a Mujtahid (doctor of the faith). If there is a conflict, the emperor’s decision will be binding on the Muslims of India. Mazhar Nama set Akbar’s judgment above every religious and legal authority.
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