The position of District Collector was created by Warren Hastings in 1772. The main functions of the district collector were to supervise general administration, to collect land revenue and to maintain law and order in the district. He was the head of the revenue organization. He was responsible for registration, alteration, and partition of holdings; the settlement of disputes; the management of indebted estates; loans to agriculturists, and famine relief.
All the other officials in the district were subordinate to him and were responsible to inform him of every activity in their respective departments.
He was also vested with the functions of the District Magistrate. As a District Magistrate, he supervised the police and inferior courts in the district. Along with these, he also performed judicial functions.
After the independence of the country, the judicial powers of the collector were transferred to the judicial officers of the district. With the launch of Community Development Programme, the collector was also entrusted with the additional work of implementing the government's development programmes in the district.
Powers, Duties and Responsibilities District Magistrate/Collector
The District Magistrate or the Collector is the chief executive and chief administrative and revenue officer of a district. He makes necessary co-ordination of the official agencies functioning within the district. The functions and responsibilities of the District Magistrate Collector may be broadly classified as follows:
Duties and responsibilities of a collector are as follows:
Following are the duties and responsibilities of a District Magistrate:
The duties and responsibilities of a Deputy Commissioner are as follows:
Following are the duties and responsibilities of a Chief Protocol Officer:
The duties and responsibilities of a Chief Development Officer are as follows:
Following are the duties and responsibilities of a Returning Officer: