Firoz Shah Tughlaq sat on the throne of Delhi at the age of 45 years. His father was Razzab, the younger brother of Giyas-ud-deen Tughlaq and his mother was a Hindu princess of Dipalpur.
After ascending the throne, he rolled back the administrative decisions taken by his predecessor. He ruled according to the Shariat and abolished all the taxes which were unlawful as per Sahriat.
He did a lot of public works which included schools, inns, dams and canals. He was instrumental in constructing a double system of canals from Yamuna to Sutlej.
Founder of Cities
Foroz Shah Tughlaq founded Fatahabad to mark the birth of his son Fatah Khan. He also founded Jaunapur in honour of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq. Firozabad on the banks of Yamuna River was founded by him. He set up one of Ashokan pillars here after removing it from its original place. He also founded Hissar-i-Firoza.
Highlights of Firoz Shah Tughlaq’a are as following:
• He abolished Chungi.
• He exempted those who accepted Islam from Jaziya.
• He ordered a ban on Muslim women coming out of their houses.
• He imposed water tax on the agriculture land irrigated by the state.
Death and Succession
Firoz Shah Tughlaq died in 1388. His sons already dead, his grandson Ghiyas-ud Din Tughlaq sat on the throne, but was killed within 5 months. Nasir-ud-din Muhammad Shah III occupied the throne and ruled for four tyears. After him, his brother Nasir-ud-Din Mahmud sat on the throne. During his reign, India was attacked by Timur.
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