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Frontiers of India

India is located in South Asia. It is largest country in South Asia in area and population. There are seven neighbouring countries on the frontiers of India. 17 states of India have common land borders with neighbouring countries. Radcliffe Line-Border line between India and Pakistan, and India and Bangladesh. McMahon Line-Border line between India and China. Durand Line-Border line between India and Afghanistan but it short, hence presently Durand line is between Pak Occupied Kashmir (POK) and Afghanistan.
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India is located in South Asia. It is largest country in South Asia in area and population. There are seven neighbouring countries on the frontiers of India. 17 states of India have common land borders with neighbouring countries.

Neighboring country

Length of the common  border ( in km)

No. of Indian states having common borders

Names of Indian states having common borders





Bangladesh

4096.7

5

West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram




China

3488

5

Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh





Pakistan

3323

4

Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat




Nepal

1751

5

Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Sikkim




Myanmar

1643

4

Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram




Bhutan

699

4

Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh




Afghanistan

106

1

Jammu & Kashmir (POK)




  • Radcliffe Line-Border line between India and Pakistan, and India and Bangladesh. The border between India and Pakistan was decided by Sir Cyril Radcliffe in 1947. Since Bangladesh was East Pakistan at that time, the border between India and Bangladesh is still decided by the Radcliffe Line.
  • McMahon Line-Border line between India and China. This line was decided by Sir Henry McMahon in 1914.
  • Durand Line-Border line between India and Afghanistan. This line was decided by Sir Henry Mortimer Durand in 1896.

Since India and Pakistan both were called India at that time, the border line between Pakistan and Afghanistan, at present is decided by the same line, i.e., Durand line. The border between India and Afghanistan is very short. At present this line is between Pak Occupied Kashmir (POK) and Afghanistan. In 1947, after independence Pakistan invaded the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir with the help of local tribesmen and occupied some of its areas. Later on the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir declared accession to India. India did not take back the occupied territory because the matter had been referred to the UNO. Thus, this territory of Jammu & Kashmir which belongs properly to India, is still under the control of Pakistan and is known as Pak Occupied Kashmir (POK).