Ghiyasud-din Tughlaq or Ghazni Malik was a child of Turkish father and Jat mother. Earlier he used to serve Ala-ud-Din Khilji and was the Governor of his border regions. He was also called as Ghazi Tuglaq.
|The Tughlaq Dynasty|
|Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq||1320-24 AD|
|Muhammad Tughlaq||1324-51 AD|
|Firoz Shah Tughlaq||1351-88 AD|
|Mohammad Khan||1388 AD|
|Ghiyassuddin Tughlaq Shah II||1388 AD|
|Abu Baqr||1389-90 AD|
|Nasiruddin Muhammad||1390-94 AD|
|Nasiruddin Mahmud||1395-1412 AD|
He was the first ruler and the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. From a common individual, he rose to the position of a provincial legislative leader of Dinapur under Mubarak Khalji. He repulsed the Mongol trespassers many times. He murdered Khurso Khan, and turned into the Sultan. Khusrau Khan, the last ruler of the Khilji administration was executed by Ghazni Malik, who raised the throne accepting the title Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. It was not a simple throne for him as confusion was winning all around and the far off areas were attempting to pronounce their freedom. But Ghiyas-ud-Din raised the kingdom nicely with his intelligence, capacities and quality he succeeded in keeping up peace and request. He was a wise and liberal ruler.
In 1323, he crushed the leader of Warrangal and annexed his region. A war of progression was going ahead in Bengal. Ghiyas-ud-din utilized such a situation and attacked Bengal. He smothered the revolutionaries and along these lines Bengal likewise turned into a piece of his domain.
Exploiting the confusion that won in India after the demise of Ala-ud-Din Khilji, the surrounding governors attempted to declare their freedom. Not long after taking the throne, Ghiyas-ud-Din had to give careful consideration to this side also.
Ghiyas-ud-Din was not bound to appreciate a long rule. When he came back to Delhi from the Bengal endeavour he was cheerfully welcomed by his child Juna Khan in the new structure that was exceptionally developed for this reason in Afghanpura, close to his new capital Tughlakabad.
The structure tumbled down and the Sultan died under it in 1325 A. D. There is a debate on the inquiry whether the Sultan's demise was the consequence of some conspiracy or it happened coincidentally.
After the death of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq his son Jauna (Ulugh Khan) succeeded him under the title Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq, in 1325.