Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq:The First Emperor of Tughlaq Dynasty

Ghiyasud-din Tughlaq was the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. He repulsed the Mongol trespassers many times. He murdered Khurso Khan, and turned into the Sultan. His great achievement was the re-established the food laws of Ala-ud-Din.
Created On: Sep 3, 2015 16:12 IST
Modified On: May 24, 2016 16:54 IST

Ghiyasud-din Tughlaq or Ghazni Malik was a child of Turkish father and Jat mother. Earlier he used to serve Ala-ud-Din Khilji and was the Governor of his border regions. He was also called as Ghazi Tuglaq.

The Tughlaq Dynasty
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq 1320-24 AD
Muhammad Tughlaq 1324-51 AD
Firoz Shah Tughlaq 1351-88 AD
Mohammad Khan 1388 AD
Ghiyassuddin Tughlaq Shah II 1388 AD
Abu Baqr 1389-90 AD
Nasiruddin Muhammad 1390-94 AD
Humayun 1394-95 AD
Nasiruddin Mahmud 1395-1412 AD

He was the first ruler and the founder of the Tughlaq dynasty. From a common individual, he rose to the position of a provincial legislative leader of Dinapur under Mubarak Khalji. He repulsed the Mongol trespassers many times. He murdered Khurso Khan, and turned into the Sultan.  Khusrau Khan, the last ruler of the Khilji administration was executed by Ghazni Malik, who raised the throne accepting the title Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. It was not a simple throne for him as confusion was winning all around and the far off areas were attempting to pronounce their freedom. But Ghiyas-ud-Din raised the kingdom nicely with his intelligence, capacities and quality he succeeded in keeping up peace and request. He was a wise and liberal ruler.

In 1323, he crushed the leader of Warrangal and annexed his region. A war of progression was going ahead in Bengal. Ghiyas-ud-din utilized such a situation and attacked Bengal. He smothered the revolutionaries and along these lines Bengal likewise turned into a piece of his domain.

His Conquest:

Exploiting the confusion that won in India after the demise of Ala-ud-Din Khilji, the surrounding governors attempted to declare their freedom. Not long after taking the throne, Ghiyas-ud­-Din had to give careful consideration to this side also.

  • After Ala-ud-Din died, the leader of Warrangal, Pratap Rudra Deva II, affirmed his autonomy; so two campaigns in 1321 and 1323 were sent against him. He was defeated in a fight and his realm was added to the Delhi Sultanate.
  • In Bengal, a common war was going ahead between the two grandsons of Bughra Khan. Exploiting this crack, the Sultan attacked Bengal and brought an incredible segment of that state under his control.
  • On his way over from the Bengal Sultan crushed the Raja of Tirhut and added his territories too.


  • He re-established the food laws of Ala-ud-Din
  • He crushed the revolts in the unfriendly provinces with sturdy influence and resorted harmony, law and order
  • He structured a improved postal system
  • He encouraged agriculture

His Death

Ghiyas-ud-Din was not bound to appreciate a long rule. When he came back to Delhi from the Bengal endeavour he was cheerfully welcomed by his child Juna Khan in the new structure that was exceptionally developed for this reason in Afghanpura, close to his new capital Tughlakabad.

The structure tumbled down and the Sultan died under it in 1325 A. D. There is a debate on the inquiry whether the Sultan's demise was the consequence of some conspiracy or it happened coincidentally.

His Successor

After the death of Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq his son Jauna (Ulugh Khan) succeeded him under the title Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq, in 1325.