GK Quiz on Demographic Dividend and Demographic Index
Answer the following questions and refer to the explanation below for a better understanding of each.
- What is the working population age considered as per UNPFA?
- 15-64 years
- 18-62 years
- 16-60 years
- 17-65 years
Explanation: As per UNFPA, the working population is considered to be between 15-64 years of age.
- How is demographic dividend viewed?
i) Share of working age population/ share of non working age population
ii) Fertility rate/ Mortality rate
- Only i
- Only ii
- Both i and ii
- None of the above
Explanation: The economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older) is viewed as a demographic dividend.
- Till which year is the bulge in the working age population going to last in India?
Explanation: This bulge in the working-age population is going to last till 2055, or 37 years from its beginning.
- What is not included in the advantages of demographic dividend?
- Increased labour force
- Increased fiscal space
- Decrease in women's workforce
- Increase in savings rate
Explanation: Rise in women’s workforce naturally accompanies a decline in fertility, and can be a new source of growth also.
- What can be included in the causes of demographic dividend?
- Falling birth rate
- Lower fertility rate
- Increased longevity
- All of the above
Explanation: Change in population structure occurs due to- falling birth rate, lower fertility rate, increased longevity.
- Which of the following cannot be considered as measures to be taken so that demographic dividend would benefit?
- Increase spending on health
- Increase spending on education
- Decreased investments in Research and Development
- Increased efforts for skill development
Explanation: The following can be considered as measures to be taken to reap the benefits of demographic dividend
Increase spending on health
Increase spending on education
Increase investments in Research and Development
Invest more in skill development
- Which of the following was the first country to experience growth due to demographic index?
Explanation: Japan was among the first major economies to experience rapid growth because of changing population structure.
- Which index summarises the population dynamics all together?
- Fertility rate
- Gini coefficient
- Demographic Index
- Mortality rate
Explanation: Demographic Index can summarize population dynamics and characteristics in one number.
- The 16th Indian Census is done/ would be done in which year?
Explanation: The 2021 Census of India, also the 16th Indian Census, will be taken in 2021.
- Who is responsible for the Census in India?
- Ministry of Statistics
- Ministry of Home Affairs
- Ministry of Defence
Explanation: The responsibility of conducting the decennial Census rests with the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India under Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI.