Haryana at a Glance: Land of Epic & Historic Battle Field

Haryana is the 20th state of India that came into being on 1st November 1966 and presently has 22 districts. Previously it was under Punjab. It is situated in the North Western region surrounded by Himachal Pradesh from North, Uttrakhand from North East, Rajasthan from the South, U.P and Delhi from East and Punjab from North West. Haryana has the lowest sex ration n the whole country at 877 women/ 1000 males. Faridabad is its largest city.

Haryana is considered as the most prosperous states of India. It is located in the northern part of the country. It is the 22nd largest states of India in terms of area. Haryana is the land of 7356 Villages, 140 Blocks and 22 districts.

Let's have some important facts on this historical state of India.

Facts about Haryana:

 1. Area

44,212 sq km

2. Establishment

1st November 1966

3. Population

2.53 cr. (2011 census)

4. Principal official Language

The official language of the state is Hindi & Punjabi.  Regional language is Haryanvi Hindi

5. Capital 


6. Members of Lok Sabha


7. Legislature

Unicameral (90 seats)

8. Airports


9. Major Cities

Gurgaon, Faridabad, Panchkula, Karnal, Palwal, Ambala Cantt

10. Festivals

Lohri (January),Basant Panchami (January),Baisakhi (April),Diwali (November),Dussehra (October),Holi (March),Gugga Naumi (August/September),Bathing at Sohna,Kurukshetra Festival (December),Pinjore Heritage Festival (December)

11. Economy  Size

US$ 76.110 billion (2014-15), The economy of Haryana relies on manufacturing, business process outsourcing, agriculture and retail.

12. Literacy


13. Districts


14.Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

877 per thousand male (lowest in the whole country)

15.Child Sex Ratio

830/ 1000 male Childs


16. Principal Folk/ Dances

Saang, Chhathi Dance, Khoria Dance, Ras Leela, Dhamal Dance, Ghoomar, Jhumar Dance, Loor Dance, Gugga Dance, Teej Dance, Phag dance and Chaupaiya, Bhangra, Gidda and Swanga.

17. Principal Rivers

Eight major rivers in Haryana-Yamuna, Ghaggar, Saraswati, Dohan, Tangri, Krishnawati, Sahibi and Markanda.

18. Principal Minerals

Limestone, Slates, Dolomite,, Graphite, Marble, Chine Clay, Quartzites

19. Tourist & Historical Places

Badkal Resort, Badkhal Lake, Faridabad,Barbet Resort, Sohna Hot Water Health Springs, Gurgaon,Saras Resort, Damdama Lake, Damdama, Gurgaon,

Sultanpur Resort, Sultanpur National Park, Gurgaon,Blue Bird Resort, Blue Bird Lake, Hisar

20. State Density

573 person/ km2


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