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    Haryana at a Glance: Land of Epic & Historic Battle Field

    Haryana is the 20th state of India that came into being on 1st November 1966 and presently has 22 districts. Previously it was under Punjab. It is situated in the North Western region surrounded by Himachal Pradesh from North, Uttrakhand from North East, Rajasthan from the South, U.P and Delhi from East and Punjab from North West. Haryana has the lowest sex ration n the whole country at 877 women/ 1000 males. Faridabad is its largest city.
    Created On: Aug 8, 2019 18:02 IST
    Modified On: Aug 8, 2019 18:08 IST

    Haryana is considered as the most prosperous states of India. It is located in the northern part of the country. It is the 22nd largest states of India in terms of area. Haryana is the land of 7356 Villages, 140 Blocks and 22 districts.

    Let's have some important facts on this historical state of India.

    Facts about Haryana:

     1. Area

    44,212 sq km

    2. Establishment

    1st November 1966

    3. Population

    2.53 cr. (2011 census)

    4. Principal official Language

    The official language of the state is Hindi & Punjabi.  Regional language is Haryanvi Hindi

    5. Capital 


    6. Members of Lok Sabha


    7. Legislature

    Unicameral (90 seats)

    8. Airports


    9. Major Cities

    Gurgaon, Faridabad, Panchkula, Karnal, Palwal, Ambala Cantt

    10. Festivals

    Lohri (January),Basant Panchami (January),Baisakhi (April),Diwali (November),Dussehra (October),Holi (March),Gugga Naumi (August/September),Bathing at Sohna,Kurukshetra Festival (December),Pinjore Heritage Festival (December)

    11. Economy  Size

    US$ 76.110 billion (2014-15), The economy of Haryana relies on manufacturing, business process outsourcing, agriculture and retail.

    12. Literacy


    13. Districts


    14.Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    877 per thousand male (lowest in the whole country)

    15.Child Sex Ratio

    830/ 1000 male Childs


    16. Principal Folk/ Dances

    Saang, Chhathi Dance, Khoria Dance, Ras Leela, Dhamal Dance, Ghoomar, Jhumar Dance, Loor Dance, Gugga Dance, Teej Dance, Phag dance and Chaupaiya, Bhangra, Gidda and Swanga.

    17. Principal Rivers

    Eight major rivers in Haryana-Yamuna, Ghaggar, Saraswati, Dohan, Tangri, Krishnawati, Sahibi and Markanda.

    18. Principal Minerals

    Limestone, Slates, Dolomite,, Graphite, Marble, Chine Clay, Quartzites

    19. Tourist & Historical Places

    Badkal Resort, Badkhal Lake, Faridabad,Barbet Resort, Sohna Hot Water Health Springs, Gurgaon,Saras Resort, Damdama Lake, Damdama, Gurgaon,

    Sultanpur Resort, Sultanpur National Park, Gurgaon,Blue Bird Resort, Blue Bird Lake, Hisar

    20. State Density

    573 person/ km2


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    List of Indian States and Union Territories: Facts at a Glance

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