Hill Forts of Rajasthan: Facts about a World Heritage Site
The hill forts of Rajasthan is a serial site, comprises six majestic forts of Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Sawai Madhopur, Jhalawar, Jaipur and Jaisalmer. The architecture of these forts is spread in the area of about twenty kms. These forts are boasting the legacy of Rajputana Empire of 8th to 18th centuries. These forts used the natural defenses provided by the landscape: deserts, rivers, hills, and dense forests. These forts have big water harvesting structures which are still in use.
1. Chittorgarh Fort:
Chittaurgarh was a former capital of the Sisodia Dynasty of Mewar. Chittaurgarh is situated on the banks of river Berach and Gambhiri. Initially, it was ruled by Guhilot and later by Sisodias (the Suryavanshi clans of Chattari Rajputs), from the 7th century. Emperor Akbar won it in 1567 but finally abandoned in 1568. It is scattered at a hill of 180 meter in height spread over an area of 280 mt2.
2. Kumbhalgarh Fort:
Kumbhalgarh is located in the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan .Its construction taken place with the help of Rana Kumbha between AD 1443 and 1458 under the supervision of famous architect Mandan. The fort was constructed on the site of an older castle which is associated with Samprati, a Jaina prince of the second century BC. Rana Fateh Singh (1885-1930 AD), one of the greatest builders of the time constructed Badal Mahal inside the fort. Some prominent buildings inside this fort are Kumbha Palace, Brahmanical Badal Mahal,Jain Temples, water reservoirs, chhattris etc. The great Maharana pratap was born in this fort.
3. Sawai Madhopur Fort:
Sawai Madho Singh (the ruler of Jaipur state) requested the Mughal emperor to hand over the Ranthambhore fort to him to check the growing influence of the Marathas in the region. Sawai Madho Singh organised the nearby village of Sherpur and renamed it Sawai Madhopur in 1763. This town is commonly known as the "Sawai Madhopur City", located in a narrow valley between two parallel hills, at the edge of the Ranthambhore National Park.
4. Jhalawar Fort:
The Jhalawar Fort, also known as the Garh Palace is situated in the centre of the town. The fort was built by Maharaj Rana Madan Singh in 1845 AD. The Zenana Khas or the Women’s Palace has paintings on both walls and mirror. These paintings are excellent examples of the Hadoti School of Art. currently, Jhalawar Fort is used as a collectorate and other offices.
5. Amer Fort:
Amber Fort is located in Amer in Jaipur district of Rajasthan. It is located high on a hill. Amber Fort was built by Raja Man Singh I in 1592. This fort is very famous for its artistic style. Man Singh, one of the first war chiefs or the trusted general of the Emperor Akbar. Akbar included him among the ‘Navaratnas'.
Amber Fort Jaipur
Visiting Timing: 8:00 AM – 6:00 PM
Contact No : 0141 253 0293
Entry Fee (INR):
• Indian : Rs. 25.00
• Student :Rs. 10
• Foreigner : Rs. 200.00
• Student : Rs. 100
The fee for Elephant Ride is Rs. 900/-
6. Jaisalmer Fort:
Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fortifications in the world. It is situated in the city of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. It is a World Heritage Site. It was constructed by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156. Jaisalmer is an excellent example a hill fort in desert location.