Important Battles And Wars In India: List 1

06-SEP-2016 11:59

    The battle and war is an act of fighting; any contest or struggle in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants. Moreover, some battles did change the political scenario of the corresponding period.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: i.ytimg.com

    Here, we are giving the list of all important battles fought in India from Ancient Indian History to Modern Indian History that will helps the aspirants to enhance and enrich the knowledge of History for better score in various  competitive exams such as IAS/ PCS, Banking and SSC.

    List of important battles and wars in India

    Battle of the Ten Kings

    This battle is mentioned in the ancient Indian sacred book “Rig-Veda” as Battle of 10 kings or Dasharadnya Yuddha (दाशराज्ञ युद्ध)’.

    Jagranjosh

    Year: 14th century BCE

    Place: Near Parusni River (modern Ravi), Punjab

    Winner: Puru Vedic Aryan tribal kingdoms of the Bharatas, allied with other tribes of the North West India, directed by the royal sage Vishvamitra, and the Trtsu-Bharata (Puru) king Sudas.

    Loser: Vedic Tribes who supported Vasishtha

    Battle of the Hydaspes

    This is very important historical battle because it opens the door of India not only for Greek (Seleucid, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek) but also for other ambitious kings.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.greatmilitarybattles.com

    Year: 326 BC

    Place: The Hydaspes

    Winner: Alexander the Great

    Loser: Porus

    Seleucid–Mauryan war

    Jagranjosh

    The war of Seleucid–Mauryan ended with the treaty and allowed Chandragupta control of the regions he was warring for while Seleucus was given 500 highly valued war elephants in exchange. The peace was negotiated by the Greek envoy, Megasthenes.

    Year: 303 BC  

    Place: North-western India; Chiefly the Indus River Valley

    Winner: Chandragupta Maurya

    Loser: Seleucus

    Battles of Tarain

    The Battle of Tarrain had great significance in the political scene as it led to the establishment of Muslims rule over North India and subsequently, in the south for several century. This battle was fought in two consecutive year - 1st in 1191 AD in which Mohammad Gori was defeated by the forces of Priviraj Chauhan and 2nd was fought in 1192 AD in which Privithiraj Chauhan defeated by the forces of Mohammad Gori and later on slain.

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    Year: 1191-92 AD

    Place: Tarain

    Winner: Prithviraj Chauhan (in 1st Battle), Mohammad Ghori (in 2nd Battle)

    Loser: Mohammad Ghori (in 1st Battle), Prithviraj Chauhan (in 2nd Battle)

    Battle of Panipat 

    There have been three Battles of Panipat: First Battle of Panipat (1526 AD), between Babur and the Delhi Sultan Ibrahim Lodi; Second Battle of Panipat (1556 AD), between the Mughal Ruler Akbar and Hemu, the Hindu ruler of North India from Delhi; Third Battle of Panipat (1761 AD), between Ahmad Shah Abdali of Afghanistan (Durrani Empire) and the Maratha Empire of Balaji Baji Rao.

    Jagranjosh

    Year: 1526 AD (1st), 1556 AD (2nd), 1761 AD (3rd)     

    Place: Panipat

    Winner: Babar (1st Battle), Akbar (2nd Battle), Ahmad Shah Abdali (3rd Battle)  

    Loser: Ibrahim Lodhi (1st Battle), Hemu (2nd Battle), Maratha Empire of Balaji Baji Rao (3rd Battle)

    Battle of Khanwa

    This battle was a decisive battle which established Mughal rule in India.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: cdn.historydiscussion.net

    Year: 1527AD 

    Place: Khanwa

    Winner: Babar

    Loser: Rana Sanga

    Battle of Sammel

    It is also known as the Battle of Giri-Sumel. The battle was fought between Rao Maldeo Rathore and Sher Shah Suri. The Muslim historean calls Maldeo Rathore as the "most Potent Prince of Hindustan".

    Jagranjosh

    Year: 1544 AD

    Place: Sammel

    Winner: Sher Shah   

    Loser: Hindu Rajputs

    Do you know the History of Tea

    Battle of Swally

    It was small naval battle that is historically important as it marked the beginning of the end of Portugal's commercial monopoly over India, and the beginning of the ascent of the English East India Company's presence in India.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.sailingwarship.com

    Year: 1612 AD

    Place: Swally 

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: Portuguese

    Battle of Dharmat

    This battle was the resultant of ‘War of Succession’ between rebel Mughal princes.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: s244.photobucket.com

    Year: 1658 AD

    Place: Dharmat outside the city of Ujjain  

    Winner: Aurangzeb  

    Loser: Dara

    Siege of Trichinopoly

    The Siege of Trichinopoly took place in early 1741 during an extended series of conflicts between the Nawab of Arcot and the Maratha Empire for control over southern (Deccan) India.

    Jagranjosh

    Year: 1741 AD

    Place: Trichinopoly   

    Winner: Maratha Empire

    Loser: Nawab of Arcot

    Siege of Trichinopoly

    It was an extended series of conflicts between the Nizam and the Maratha Empire for control over some parts of southern India.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: america.pink

    Year: 1743 AD

    Place: Trichinopoly   

    Winner: Nizam of Hyderabad

    Loser: Maratha Empire

    Battle of Madras

    The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle that ended the war made provision for Madras to be returned to the British in exchange for Louisburg in Acadia which had been captured by British forces in 1745.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1746 AD

    Place: Madras

    Winner: French East India Company

    Loser: British East India Company

    Siege of Arcot

    It took place India between forces of the British East India Company led by Robert Clive and forces of Nawab of the Carnatic, Chanda Sahib, assisted by a small number of troops from the French East India Company. It was part of the Second Carnatic War.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.britishbattles.com

    Year: 1751AD 

    Place: Arcot   

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: Nawab of Arcot, French East India Company

    Battle of Arnee

    This battle was took place during second carnatic war. A British-led force under the command of Robert Clive defeated and routed a much larger Franco-Indian force under the command of Raza Sahib.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1751AD 

    Place: Arnee  

    Winner: British force under Robert Clive  

    Loser: Franco-Indian force under Raza Sahib

    Battle of Golden Rock

    It was fought between the forces of the British and French East India Company during Second Carnatic War. French troops, assisted by Mysorean troops led by Hyder Ali, assailed a British outpost near Trichinopoly, drawing the main British force defending Trichinopoly.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: thumbs.media.smithsonianmag.com

    Year: 1753 AD

    Place: Golden Rock

    Winner: Tiruchirappalli

    Loser: British & French East India Company

    Siege of Calcutta

    It was battle between British East India Company and Nawab of Bengal (Siraj-ud-Daulah). It was well planned attack of Nawab to recapture the city of Calcutta (Now Kolkata) from European power.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.infobarrel.com

    Year: 1756 AD

    Place: Calcutta

    Winner: Nawab of Bengal   

    Loser: British East India Company

    Do you know how India got her name as “Bharat”

    Battle of Plassey

    It was decisive battle for British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal and French and also consolidated company’s presence not only in Bengal but also the entire states of India over next hundred years.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: 3.bp.blogspot.com

    Year: 1758 AD

    Place: Plassey

    Winner: Robert Cive

    Loser: Nawab Shiraj-ud-daulah

    Siege of Pondicherry

    It was a conflict in the Third Carnatic War, British land and naval forces besieged and eventually compelled the forces defending the French colonial outpost of Pondicherry to surrender.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1760 AD

    Place: Pondicherry   

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: French East India Company

    Battle of Wandiwash

    It was the decisive battle in the Anglo-French struggle in southern India. After making substantial gains in Bengal and Hyderabad, the British, after collecting huge amount of revenue, were fully equipped to face the French in Wandiwash.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: 4.bp.blogspot.com

    Year: 1760 AD

    Place: Wandiwash

    Winner: English

    Loser: French

    Battle of Buxar

    It was the decisive battle which defined British as a ruler that was fought between English Forces, and combined army of Mir Kasim, the Nawab of Bengal, Nawab of Oudh and Shah Alam II, Mughal Emperor. The battle was the outcome of misuse of Farman and Dastak, and also the trade expansionist aspiration of English.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1764 AD

    Place: Buxar  

    Winner: Hector Munro

    Loser: Combined armies of Nawab Mir Qasim (Bengal), Nawab Shuja – ud – daulah (Awadh) & Mughal emperor Shah Alam

    Siege of Ambur

    It was initiated by Muzaffar Jung and supported by Joseph François Dupleix and led by Chanda Sahib, who sought to overthrow Anwaruddin Muhammed Khan, the Nawab of the Carnatic, for supporting Nasir Jung's claim to be Nizam of Hyderabad.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1767 AD

    Place: Ambur

    Winner: Kingdom of Mysore-Hyder Ali

    Loser: British East India Company

    Siege of Pondicherry

    It was the first military action on the Indian subcontinent following the declaration of war between Great Britain and France in the Anglo-French War. A British force besieged the French-controlled port of Puducherry in August 1778, which capitulated after ten weeks of siege.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: imgc.allpostersimages.com

    Year: 1778 AD

    Place: Pondicherry   

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: French East India Company

    Battle of Pollilur

    It was waged between two forces commanded by Tipu Sultan of the Kingdom of Mysore, and Colonel William Baille of the British East India Company. The army of the East India Company surrendered and suffered a high number of casualties. It was the worst loss the British suffered on the subcontinent until Chillianwala.   

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1780 AD

    Place: Pollilur

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: Kingdom of Mysore

    Siege of Negapatam 

    It was the first major offensive military action on the Indian subcontinent following the arrival of news that war had been declared between Great Britain and the Dutch Republic, beginning the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War. A British force besieged the Dutch-controlled port of Negapatam, the capital of Dutch Coromandel, on the eastern coast of India, which capitulated after the fortification's walls were breached.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: mwh52.files.wordpress.com

    Year: 1781 AD

    Place: Negapatam    

    Winner: British

    Loser: Dutch Republic

    Battle of Porto Novo

    What were the reasons behind Indo-Pakistan War and its effects?

    IT was fought between forces of the Kingdom of Mysore and British East India Company in the place called Porto Novo (now known as Parangipettai) on the Indian subcontinent, during the Second Anglo-Mysore War.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1781 AD

    Place: Porto Novo

    Winner: British East India Company 

    Loser: Kingdom of Mysore

    Battle of Sholinghur 

    IT was fought between forces of the Kingdom of Mysore led by Hyder Ali and East India Company forces led by General Eyre Coote.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1781 AD

    Place: Sholinghur

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: Kingdom of Mysore

    Siege of Tellicherry   

    It was a military embargo that happened in Thalassery (North Malabar) during the Second Anglo-Mysore War.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1782 AD

    Place: Tellicherry

    Winner: British East India Company 

    Loser: Kingdom of Mysore

    Siege of Vellore

    It was an intermittent series of sieges and blockades conducted during the Second Anglo-Mysore War by forces of the Kingdom of Mysore against a British East India Company garrison holding the fortress at Vellore, located in the present-day Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.mygen.com

    Year: 1782 AD

    Place: Vellore

    Winner: British East India Company

    Loser: Kingdom of Mysore

    Siege of Cuddalore   

    It was a siege attempt by British troops against a combined French and Mysorean garrison at the fortress of Cuddalore in the Second Anglo-Mysore War. The siege ended when news reached of a preliminary peace treaty between France and Britain.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: 3.bp.blogspot.com

    Year: 1783 AD

    Place: Cuddalore      

    Winner: Kingdom of Mysore

    Loser: British East India Company

    Siege of Mangalore

    It was conducted during the Second Anglo-Mysore War by Tipu Sultan and forces of the Kingdom of Mysore against a British East India Company garrison led by Colonel Campbell.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    Year: 1783 AD

    Place: Mangalore

    Winner: Kingdom of Mysore

    Loser: British East India Compan

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