Important Passes in India

A mountain pass is a navigable route through a mountain range or over a ridge. Passes have played a key role in trade, war, and both human and animal migration throughout history. Let us have a look at some important passes in India.
Created On: Nov 18, 2020 16:42 IST
Modified On: Nov 18, 2020 16:42 IST
Important Passes in India
Important Passes in India

Mountain Passes are often found just above the source of a river, constituting a drainage divide. A pass may be very short, consisting of steep slopes to the top of the pass, or maybe a valley many kilometers long, whose highest point might only be identifiable by surveying.

Some of the most important passes in the country are Zoji La (Pass), Banihal Pass, Shipki La (Pass), Bara-Lacha Pass, Rohtang Pass, Mana Pass, Niti Pass, Nathu La (Pass), Jalap La (Pass).

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Important Passes in India

Zoji La (Pass)-It is in the Zaskar range of Jammu & Kashmir. The road route from Srinagar to Leh goes through this pass. It has been created by the Indus River.

Banihal Pass-Banihal Pass is a mountain pass across the Pir Panjal Range at a maximum elevation of 2,832 m. It connects the Kashmir Valley in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the outer Himalayas and the plains to the south. In the Kashmiri language, "Banihāl" means blizzard.

Shipki La (Pass)-Shipki La is a mountain pass and border post with a dozen buildings of significant size on the India-China border. The river Sutlej enters India near this pass. 

Bara-Lacha Pass- Bara-lacha la also known as Bara-lacha Pass,  is a high mountain pass in the Zanskar range, connecting Lahaul district in Himachal Pradesh to Leh district in Ladakh, situated along the Leh–Manali Highway.

Rohtang Pass-It is a high mountain pass on the eastern end of the Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas around 51 km from Manali. It connects the Kullu Valley with the Lahaul and Spiti Valleys of Himachal Pradesh, India.

Mana Pass-The pass is one of the highest vehicle-accessible passes in the world, containing a road constructed in the 2005-2010 period for the Indian military by the Border Roads Organisation. Mana Pass is the last point between India and China Border.

Niti Pass-The Niti Pass located at 5800 meters connects India with Tibet. The pass is located in Uttarakhand. 

Nathu La (Pass)-Nathu La is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in East Sikkim district. It connects the Indian state of Sikkim with China's Tibet Autonomous Region.  Nathu means "listening ears" and La means "pass" in Tibetan.

Jalep La (Pass)-Jelep La or Jelep Pass, elevation 4,267 m or 13,999 ft, is a high mountain pass between East Sikkim District, Sikkim, India and Tibet Autonomous Region, China. It is on a route that connects Lhasa to India.

Mountain Passes in India

Name

State

Height (ft)

Between/ Separating

Asirgarh

Madhya Pradesh

   

Auden's Col

Uttarakhand

17,552

 

Banihal Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Jammu, Kashmir)

9,291

Jammu & Kashmir

Bara-lacha-la

Himachal Pradesh

16,400

 

Bomdila

Arunachal Pradesh

   

Changla Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,585

Leh & Changthang

Chanshal Pass

Himachal Pradesh

14,830

 

Dehra Compass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

   

Debsa Pass

Himachal Pradesh

17,520

 

Diphu Pass

Arunachal Pradesh

4,587

 

Dongkhala

Sikkim

12,000

 

Dhumdhar Kandi Pass

Uttarakhand

   

Fotu La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

13,451

 

Goecha La

Sikkim

16,207

 

Haldighati Pass

Rajasthan

   

Indrahar Pass

Himachal Pradesh

14,473

 

Jelep La

Sikkim

14,300

 

Khardung La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,582

Leh & Nubra

Kongka Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

16,965

Ladakh & Aksai Chin

Lanak Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,933

Ladakh & Tibet

Kunzum Pass

Himachal Pradesh (Lahaul and Spiti)

14,931

Lahaul & Spiti

Karakoram Pass

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

 

Ladakh & Xinjiang

Lipulekh Pass

Uttarakhand

17,500

 

Lungalacha La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

16,600

 

Lamkhaga Pass

Himachal Pradesh

17,336

 

Marsimik La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

18,314

 

Mayali Pass

Uttarakhand

16,371

 

Nama Pass

Uttarakhand

18,399

 

Namika La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

12,139

 

Nathu La

Sikkim

14,140

Sikkim & Tibet

Palakkad Gap

Kerala

750

Kerala & Tamil Nadu

Thamarassery Pass

Wayanad Kerala

1,700

Malabar & Mysore

Shenkottai pass

Kollam Kerala

690

Travancore & Tamil Nadu

Pensi La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

   

Rezang La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

   

Rohtang Pass

Himachal Pradesh

13,051

Manali & Lahaul

Sasser la

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,753

Nubra & Siachen Glacier

Sela Pass

Arunachal Pradesh

14,000

 

Shipki La

Himachal Pradesh

   

Sia La

Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)

18,337

 

Shingo La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

   

Spangur Gap

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

   

Gyong La

Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)

18,655

 

Bilafond La

Jammu and Kashmir (Siachen Glacier)

17,881

 

Sin La

Uttarakhand

   

Tanglang La

Jammu and Kashmir (Ladakh)

17,583

 

Traill's Pass

Uttarakhand

17,100

 

Zojila Pass

Jammu and Kashmir  (Kashmir, Ladakh)

12,400

Kashmir & Ladakh

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