Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) & India’s Space Facilities

The Indian Space programme began in 1962. In 1969, The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was set up with headquartered in Bangaluru (Bangalore) for the purpose of rapid development in space technology. India launched its first satellite “Aryabhatta” under the leadership of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

In 1969, The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) was set up with headquartered in Bangalore/Bangaluru for the purpose of rapid development in space technology. In 1972, space commission was set up and in 1975, India launched its first satellite “Aryabhatta” under the leadership of India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, and his close aide and scientist Vikram Sarabhai. The establishment of ISRO thus institutionalised space activities in India. It is managed by the Department of Space, which reports to the Prime Minister of India.

Objectives of ISRO:

Directed towards, self reliant use of space technology for national development with the main thrust on:

(a) Mass communication and education via satellite.

(b) Survey and management of natural resources through remote sensing technology, environmental monitoring and meteorological forecasting.

(c) Development of indigenous satellites and satellite launch vehicles.

Organizational Structure of the ISRO:

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Different Indian Space Launch Vehicles

ISRO is managed by the Department of Space (DoS) of the Government of India. DoS itself falls under the authority of the Prime Minister and the Space

Other Institutions Managed by ISRO:

  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC-SHAR), Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh).
  • ISRO Propulsion Complex (IPRC), Mahendragiri.
  • ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bengaluru.
  • Space Applications Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad.
  • National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad.
  • ISRO Inertial Systems Unit (IISU), Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Development and Educational Communication Unit (DECU), Ahmedabad.
  • Master Control Facility (MCF), Hassan, Karnataka.
  • ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), Bengaluru.
  • Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS), Bengaluru.
  • Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun.
  • Antrix Corporation - The marketing arm of ISRO, Bengaluru.
  • Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad.
  • National Atmospheric Research Laboratory (NARL), Gadanki, Andhra Pradesh.
  • North-Eastern Space Applications Centre[19] (NE-SAC), Umiam.
  • Semi-Conductor Laboratory (SCL), Mohali.
  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram - India's space university.

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Centers of ISRO

Contribution of ISRO in the Space Technology of India:

A. Research  Facilities are given below

Facility

Location

Description

Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre

Thiruvananthapuram

This is ISRO's largest base and main technical centre and the venue of development of the SLV-3, ASLV, and PSLV series.It supports India's Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station and the Rohini Sounding Rocket programme. This facility is also developing the GSLV series.

Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre

Thiruvananthapuram and Bengaluru

The LPSC handles design, development, testing and implementation of liquid propulsion control packages, liquid stages and liquid engines for launch vehicles and satellites. The testing of these systems is largely conducted at IPRC at Mahendragiri.

National Atmospheric Research Laboratory             

Chittoor

The NARL carries out fundamental and applied research in Atmospheric and Space Sciences.

Space Applications Centre     

Ahmedabad

The SAC deals with the various aspects of practical use of space technology. Among the fields of research at the SAC are geodesy, satellite based telecommunications, surveying, remote sensing, meteorology, environment monitoring etc. The SEC additionally operates the Delhi Earth Station.

List of Satellites Launched by ISRO

B. Launch Facilities of ISRO:

 Facility

 Location

Description

 ISRO Satellite Centre

 Bengaluru

 The facility serves as a venue for implementing indigenous spacecraft in India.The satellites Ayrabhata, Bhaskara, APPLE, and IRS-1A were constructed at this site, and the IRS and INSAT satellite series are presently under development here.

 Satish Dhawan  Space Centre            

 Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh)

 The Sriharikota island facility acts as a launching site for India's satellites. This facility is main launch base for India's sounding rockets. The centre is also home to India's largest Solid Propellant Space Booster Plant (SPROB) and houses the Static Test and Evaluation Complex (STEX).

 Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station      

Thiruvananthapuram

TERLS is used to launch sounding rockets.

Source:ISRO

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