The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is a trade association of the world’s airlines formed to support areas of aviation activity as well as help to formulate industrial policy on aviation issues.
IATA was founded in Havana, Cuba, in April 1945. It is the prime vehicle for inter-airline cooperation in promoting safe, reliable, secure and economical air services - for the benefit of the world's consumers. The international scheduled air transport industry is more than 100 times larger than it was in 1945. Few industries can match the dynamism of that growth, which would have been much less spectacular without the standards, practices and procedures developed within IATA. 57 members from 31 State of the European and American Countries founded this organisation. Currently, it has 260 members from 117 nations in every part of the globe.
Functions of International Air Transport Association (IATA)
Safety: It is one the functions of the IATA through Global Safety Information Centre which study the measures to track the real time of aircraft in flight. This move was in response when in Malaysia Airlines 370 disappeared on 8 March, 2014.
Security: It became prime duty of IATA to ensure security in aviation services. Hence, it circulated universal norms to the countries of the world to develop a check point on the basis of risk assessment and passenger differentiation.
Simplifying the Business: IATA is prime formulator of industrial policy to solve the aviation issues and simplify the aviation trade & business such as electronic ticket, bar coded boarding pass, fast travel initiative, self-service baggage options etc.
Environment Friendly Aviation Services: All members of the IATA agreed to improve their airlines more fuel efficient on the basis of the resolution of 69th annual general meeting in Cape Town, South Africa on “Implementation of the Aviation Carbon-Neutral Growth (CNG2020) Strategy.”