International Day for Disaster Reduction 2019: Current Theme, History and Objective
International Day for Disaster Reduction focuses on how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters and the importance of reining in the risks that they face.
International Day for Disaster reduction 2019: Theme
The theme for International Day for Disaster reduction 2019 is “Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services”.
The main aim is to focus on the target of the Sendai Framework. According to the UN, the Sendai framework highlights "Substantially to reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and education facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.”
It is important to ensure that schools and hospitals are built in such a way that during earthquake and tsunamis damages incurred should be less. Building codes should be enforced. Also to achieve targets for Sendai Framework is to take care of the life-saving utilities and services like food and water supply, energy, telecommunications, and transport.
What is the "Sendai Seven" Campaign?
"Sendai Seven" campaign was launched in 2016 by UNDRR which is centred on the seven targets of the Sendai Framework. It has 38 indicators for measuring progress on reducing disaster losses.
Sendai Seven campaign is an opportunity for all including governments, local governments, community groups, civil society organisations, private sector, international organisations, etc. to promote at all levels across all the sectors to reduce disaster risk and disaster losses.
The Seven Global Targets
2016 - Target (a): To reduce disaster globally by 2030, aiming to lower the average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015;
2017 - Target (b): To reduce the number of people that are affected globally by 2030, aiming to lower the average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015;
2018 - Target (c): Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030;
2019 - Target (d): Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030;
2020 - Target (e): Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020;
2021 - Target (f): Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of the present Framework by 2030;
2022 - Target (g): Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to people by 2030.
International Day for Disaster Reduction: Objective
The main aim is to provide a platform to all governments, local governments, disaster management agencies, UN agencies, NGOs, Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, civil societies, civil society group, businesses, academic and scientific institutions, etc. to raise awareness about the economic consequences of the failure to manage disaster risk mainly for vulnerable groups and middle-income countries.
International Day for Disaster Reduction: History
In 1989, the International Day for Disaster Reduction was started after a call by the United Nations General Assembly to promote the risk-awareness globally and disaster reduction.
Therefore, it is necessary to educate people on the issues of disaster reduction, to mobilize the political will and resources to address global problems. It is a day to celebrate and reinforce the achievements of humanity.