Jammu & Kashmir at a Glance: Land of Beautiful Valley

08-JAN-2016 10:27

    Jammu & Kashmir is a state in northern India. It is located primarily in the Himalayan Mountains, and shares a border with the states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south. The state has special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India. It is the first state of India which has its own flag and constitution. It became part of Indian Territory when its ruler maharaja Hari Singh accepted the sovereignty of India on 26 Oct, 1947.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: http://www.jantakareporter.com

    Facts about Jammu & Kashmir:

    1. Area

    2,22236 sq km.

    2. Population

    1.24 cr (2011 census)

    3.Establishment

    26 Oct, 1947

    4. Principal & Official Languages

    The official language of the state is Urdu. Other languages are Kashmiri, Dogri, Pahari, Balti, Ladakhi, Punjabi, Gurji, Dadri

    5. Neighboring States

    Himachal Pradesh, Punjab

    6. Capital 

    Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)

    7. Members of Parliament

    Lok Sabha- 6, Rajya Sabha- 4

    8. Legislature

    Bicameral (87seats of legislative Assembly) (87 + 36)

    9. Airports

    Jammu, Srinagar

    10. Major Cities

    Srinagar, Jammu, Anantnag,, Udhampur, Baramula, Sopore, Bandipura and Leh

    11. Festivals

    Assuj, Lohri, Sinh Sankranti,Bahu Mela In Jammu, Id-Ul-Fitr, Id-Ul-Juha, Milad-Ul-Nabi,Muharram, Hemis in Laddakh

    12. Economy  Size

    US$ 17.13 billion,

    J&K is best known for Horticulture products, Temperate Fruits, Apple, Peach Plum, Cherry, Almond Etc.

    Its 80% population is dependent on Agriculture and 45% economic revenue is from Agro-Horticulture sales

    13. Literacy

    83.45%

    14. Districts

    22

    15.Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    880 per thousand male

    16. Principal Dances

    Rouf (women-romance and heroic), Kudra ( Dogra men), Hemis Gumpa, Chakri

    17. Principal Rivers

    Indus, Jhelum, Chinab, Ravi and Sindh

    18. Principal Minerals

    Coal, Copper, Zinc, Lead, Limestone, Bauxite And Lignite, Mica

    19.Passes

    Zoji la, Pir Panjal, Great Himalaya, Zaskar, Laddakh (little Tibet),

    20. Tourist & Historical Places

    Apharwat Peak (Gulmarg), Shankaracharya Hill (Srinagar), Dal Lake (Srinagar), Gulmarg Gondola (Gulmarg), Indira Gandhi Tulip Garden (Srinagar), Nigeen Lake (Srinagar), Mughal Gardens (Srinagar), Amarnath Cave (Anantnag), Zojila Pass (Sonamarg),Gulmarg Alpine Guides (Gulmarg).

    21.Lakes

    Wular, Achal, Dal, Pangong, Moriri, And Kar

    22. State density

    653 person/ km2

    23. Child Sex Ratio

    795/ 1000 male Childs

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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