20th Kargil Vijay Diwas 2019: Operation Vijay| All you need to know
On 3rd May, 1999 Kargil War began and concluded on 26 July, 1999 in which India got victory. Kargil War is also known as Kargil conflict. So this day is dedicated to the martyred soldiers of the Kargil war.
Do you know that Kargil was the first war that was televised and was fought for two months?
We know that India and Pakistan fought three wars since they were granted independence in 1947 but no doubt out of all these wars, there is one such war that always remains in the recent memory and that is Kargil war which witnessed large scale loss of lives on both sides. Let's study 7 important facts about Kargil Vijay Diwas through this article.
7 amazing facts about Kargil Vijay Diwas
1. Kargil war took place in the Kargil-Drass sector Ladakh of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan's army sent its soldiers in the name of intruders in the winters to take over the area. Their main objective was to cut the connections between Ladakh and Kashmir and to create tensions at the Indian border. Let us tell you that the intruders at that time were on the top whereas the Indians were on the downhill and so it was easy for them to attack. Finally, the war broke out between the two sides. Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control that is LOC and entered the India-controlled area.
Do you know that the Kargil was the part of Baltistan district of Ladakh before the partition of India 1947 and was separated by the LOC after the first Kashmir War (1947-1948).
2. On 3rd May 1999 Pakistan started this war, when it had infiltrated into the high altitudes in the rocky mountainous region of Kargil with around 5000 soldiers and captured it. When Indian Government got the information about it ‘Operation Vijay’ was launched by the Indian army to throw back the intruders who had treacherously occupied Indian Territory.
Let us tell you that in 1971 that is before Kargil War, India and Pakistan had fought a war which had led to the formation of a separate country i.e. Bangladesh.
3. Do you know the scenario before the Kargil War? In 1998-1999 during the winters, Pakistani Army secretly started training and sending troops near Kargil to dominate the region with the goal of claiming Siachen Glacier. Further, Pakistan Army exclaimed that they were not the Pakistani soldiers but the Mujahidin. Actually Pakistan wanted international attention on the dispute so that a pressure could be generated on the Indian army to withdraw its army from the Siachen Glacier region and force India to negotiate for the Kashmir dispute.
4. The story behind the war: After the Indo-Pak war of 1971 there have been many military conflicts. Both the countries have conducted nuclear tests in 1998 which had further escalated tensions. To calm the situation in February, 1999, the two countries signed The Lahore Declaration, promising to provide a peaceful and a bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.
5. But what happened that Pakistani Armed Forces started sending its soldiers and paramilitary forces across the Line of Control into the territory on the Indian side and the infiltration was code named "Operation Badr." Do you know that its main objective was to break the link between Kashmir and Ladakh and to withdraw the Indian Army from the Siachen Glacier? At the same time, Pakistan believed that creating any kind of tension in this area would help in making the Kashmir issue an international issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution.
Kargil war had been the one where a war was fought between two nuclear states.
6. The IAF also used MiG-27 and MiG-29 against Pakistani troops and the bomb was also dropped wherever Pakistani soldiers occupied the area. With the help of MiG-29, several targets of Pakistan were attacked with R-77 missiles. Also, IAF’s MiG-21s and Mirage 2000 were extensively used in the Operation Safed Sagar during this war.
7. A large number of rockets and bombs were used in this war. About two lakh fifty thousand bombs were fired. At the same time, more than 300 mortars, cannons and rockets were also used to fire 5,000 bombs. A round fire was fired every minute in every 17 days of the battle. It is said that this was the only war after World War II in which such a large number of bombardments were carried out on the enemy army. Finally, India won a determined victory.
It would not be wrong to say that the War is never good. This causes a major loss on both sides, thousands of soldiers get martyred. India is a peace loving country which does not believe in war. Indian army always safeguards the nation from alien forces, sacrifice for the Motherland and make us proud.
“Quartered in snow, silent to remain. When the bugle calls, they shall rise and march again.” – The scroll of honour at the Siachen base camp
"TOUGH TIMES DON'T LAST, TOUGH MEN DO"