Lakshadweep at a Glance: India's Coral Islands

25-JAN-2016 12:23

    Lakshadweep formerly known as the Laccadive, Minicoy, and Aminidivi Islands is a group of islands in the Laccadive Sea, 200 to 440 kilometers (120 to 270 mi) off the south western coast of India. Lakshadweep comes from "Lakshadweepa", which means "one hundred thousand islands" their total surface area is just 32 km2 (12 sq. miles). Kavaratti serves as the capital of the Union Territory and the region comes under the jurisdiction of Kerala High Court.

    Initial History:

    It was part of Maldives islands before it was handed over to India due to the distance between Maldives and Lakshadweep (Maliku) made it difficult to manage and provide basic necessities. In 1956, during the reorganization of Indian states, the Lakshadweep islands were organized into a separate union territory for administrative purposes.

    India's Coral Islands:

    The Aminidivi subgroup of islands (consisting of Amini, Keltan, Chetlat, Kadamat, Bitra and Perumal Par) and the Laccadive subgroup of islands (comprising mainly Androth, Kalpeni, Kavaratti, Pitti and Suheli Par), both subgroups having a submarine connection between them through Pitti Bank. Together with Minicoy Island, a lonely atoll located at the southern end of the 200 km broad Nine Degree Channel, they form the Coral Islands of India in the Arabian Sea. All these islands have been built up by corals and have fringing coral reefs very close to their shores.



    Facts about the Lakshadweep:


    32 km2


    1 Nov. 1956


    64,429 (Census 2011)

    Principal official Language

    Malayalam (85%), English

    Mahal (Dhivehi),Jeseri

    Neighbouring States

    Kerala, Karnataka

    Capital and largest city


    Members of Parliament

    Lok Sabha= 1 ,Rajya Sabha= 0)






    Kavaratti,Minicoy,Kadamatt, Kalpeni


    Coconut, fibre extraction and production of fibre products are Lakshadweep's main industry. Fishing is the main livelihood of the islanders.

    There is an estimation of about one lakh tones of tuna and tuna like fishes and about an equal quantity of shark in the sea around Lakshadweep.


    Fishing, Boat Building, , Fishing and Travel, Coir


    Coconut, Copra, Banana




    1(entire group of island  is considered one district and  divided into four Tehsils)

    Sex Ratio (As per  census 2011)

    946/ Thousand male




    Its 36 islands covering an area of 32 sq kms, only 10 are inhabitated. Androth is the largest inhabitated Island and closest to the kerala.


    Kavaratti, Agati, Minicoy,Andrott, Kalpeni, Amini,Kadamatt Kiltan


    Silica, corals

    Religion (As per Census 2011)

    Islam (96.57%)

    Hinduism (2.77%)

    Christianity (0.49%)

    Sikhism (0.01%)

    Buddhism (0.01%)

    Jainism (0.01%)

    Other Religions (0.02%)

    Atheist (0.001%)

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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