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List of 80 Important Articles of the Constitution at a Glance

08-MAR-2018 21:23
    List of important articles of Indian constitution

    At present, Constitution of India comprises of 448 articles in 25 parts & 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 100 amendments. Originally our constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. It is observed that questions based on the Indian constitution are always asked in many competitive exams like UPSC/PSC/SSC/CDS etc. So to cater these exams we made a list of important articles in this topic.

    Here is the list of 80 most important articles of the Indian Constitution:-

    1. Article No.  1:- Name and territory of the Union

    2. Article No.  3:- Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing states

    3. Article No. 13:- Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights

    4. Article No. 14:- Equality before law

    5. Article No. 16:- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment

    6. Article No. 17:- Abolition of untouchability

    7. Article No. 19:- Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.

    8. Article No. 21:- Protection of life and personal liberty

    9. Article No. 21A:- Right to elementary education

    10. Article No. 25:- Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

    11. Article No. 30:- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions

    12. Article No. 31C:- Saving of laws giving effect to certain Directive Principles

    13. Article No. 32:- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights including writs

    14. Article No. 38:- State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people

    15. Article No.40:- Organisation of village panchayats

    16. Article No. 44:- Uniform Civil Code for the citizens

    17. Article No. 45:- Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of 6 years.

    18. Article No. 46:- Promotion of educational and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections

    19. Article No. 50:- Separation of judiciary from executive

    20. Article No. 51:- Promotion of international peace and security

    21. Article No. 51A:- Fundamental Duties

    22. Article No. 72:- Powers of President to grant pardons, suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

    23. Article No. 74:- Council of Ministers to aid and advice the President

    24. Article No. 76:- Attorney-General of India

    25. Article No. 78:- Duties of prime minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.

    26. Article No. 110:- Definition of Money Bills

    27. Article No. 112:- Annual Financial Statement (Budget)

    28. Article No. 123:- Power of President to promulgate ordinances during recess of Parliament

    29. Article No. 143:- Power of President to consult Supreme Court

    30. Article No. 148:- Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

    31. Article No. 149:- Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India

    32. Article No. 155:- Appointment of the Governor

    33. Article No. 161:- Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases

    34. Article No. 163:- Council of ministers to aid and advice the Governor

    35. Article No. 165:-Advocate-General of the state

    Which British Laws are still used in India

    36. Article No. 167:- Duties of Chief Minister with regard to the furnishing of information to the Governor, etc.

    37. Article No. 168:- Constitution of Legislatures in the states

    38. Article No. 169:- Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in the states

    39. Article No. 170:- Composition of Legislative Assemblies in the states

    40. Article No. 171:- Composition of Legislative Councils in the states

    41. Article No. 172:- Duration of State Legislatures

    42. Article No. 173:- Qualification for membership of the State Legislature

    43. Article No. 174:- Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution

    44. Article No. 178:- Speakers and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly

    45. Article No. 194:- Powers, privileges and immunity of Advocate-General

    46. Article No. 200:- Assent to bills by governor (including reservation for President)

    47. Article No. 202:-Annual financial statement of the State Legislature

    48. Article No. 210:- Language to be used in the State Legislature

    49. Article No. 212:- Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the State Legislature  

    50. Article No. 213:- Power of governor to promulgate ordinances during recess of the State Legislature

    51. Article No. 214:- High courts for the states

    52. Article No. 217:-Appointment and the conditions of the office of the judge of a High Court

    53. Article No. 226:- Power of high courts to issue certain writs

    54. Article No. 239AA:- Special provisions with respect to Delhi

    55. Article No. 243B:- Constitution of Panchayats

    56. Article No. 243C:- Composition of Panchayats

    57. Article No. 243G:- Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats

    58. Article No. 243K:- Elections to the Panchayats

    59. Article No. 249:-Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest

    60. Article No. 262:- Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-state rivers or river valleys

    61. Article No. 263:- Provisions with respect to an inter-state council

    62. Article No. 265:- Taxes not to be imposed save by authority of law

    63. Article No. 275:- Grants from the Union to certain states

    64. Article No. 280:- Finance Commission

    65. Article No. 300:- Suits and proceedings

    66. Article No. 300A:- Persons not to be deprived of property save by authority of law (Right to property)

    67. Article No. 311:- Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a state.

    68. Article No. 312:- All-India Services

    69. Article No. 315:- Public Service Commission for the Union and for the states

    70. Article No. 320:- Functions of Public Service Commissions

    71. Article No. 323-A:- Administrative Tribunals

    72. Article No. 324:- Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission

    73. Article No. 330:- Reservation of seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the House of the People

    74. Article No. 335:- Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts

    75. Article No. 352:- Proclamation of Emergency (National Emergency)

    76. Article No. 356:- Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in states (President’s Rule)

    77. Article No. 360:- Provisions as to Financial Emergency.

    78. Article No. 365:- Effect of failure to comply with or to give effect to, directions given by the Union (President’s Rule)

    79. Article No. 368:- Power of Parliament to amend the Constitution and procedure therefore

    80. Article No. 370:- Temporary provisions with respect to the state of Jammu and Kashmir

    Indian Polity & Governance: A Complete Study Material

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