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List of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period

20-MAR-2017 17:42

    The nature of state during the Sultanate period was militaristic and aristocratic, and also existence of Theocracy, i.e. the head of state was also the religious heard. In other word, the state was Islamic. This meant that the sultans did not allow any open violation of the Islamic law, but Muslim divines were not allowed to dictate the policy of the state because the Sultan was a perfect autocrat unchecked by any restrictions and his word was law. The real source of the sultan’s authority was military strength. He was the chief commander of forces, chief lawgiver and the final court of appeal.

    Agriculture, trade and commerce were the chief sources of economy. This is the only reason sultans promoted technological assistance like Persian wheel or Shakiya was introduced into wells for carrying out water. Firuz Shah Tughlaq constructed a large number of canals. Here, we are giving the list of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period, which is very useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.

     Delhi Sultanate

    List of Administrative and Agrarian Terms used in Sultanate Period

    Administrative and Agrarian Terms

     Meaning

    Alai Tanka

    Tanks of Alauddin Khilji

    Alamatha-i-Sultanate

    Insignia of royalty

    Amil

    Revenue officer

    Amir

    Commander: The third highest official grade

    Amir-i-dad

    Officer-in-charge of justice

    Amir-i-akhur

    Officer commanding the horses

    Amir-i-hajib

    Officer-in-charge of the royal Khalisa  court: (also called barbek in Turkish)

    Amir-i-koh

    Officer in-charge of agriculture

    Ariz

    Officer in-charge of the muster, equipment of the  soldiers and the horses

    Arz-i- Mummalik

    Minister in-charge of the army

    Barbek

    Officer in-charge of the royal court

    Barid

    Intelligence officer appointed by the state to collect information

    Barid-i-Mumalik

    Head of the state intelligence service

    Dabir

    Secretary

    Dabir-i-Mumalik

    Chief secretary

    Dagh

    Mark of branding on the horses

    Diwan

    Office: the central secretariat

    Diwan-i-arz

    Office of the ministry of war

    Diwan-i-insha

    Office of the chief secretary

    Hukm-i-mushahida

    Assessment (Of land revenue) by inspection only

    Iqtadars

    A person in whose charge an iqta has been placed

    Jagir

    A piece of land assigned to a government officer by the state

    Jitals

    Copper coins of the Delhi sultanate

    Jeziyah

    A personal and yearly tax on non-Muslims

    Karkhana

    Royal factory or enterprise; they were of two  kinds - ratbi, for looking after animals and ghair-ratbi for producing commodities required by the state

    Khalisa

    Land controlled directly by the king

    Khidmati

    Service dues

    Khuts

    Village headmen or revenue collector

    Madad-i-mash

    Grant of land or pension to religious or deserving persons

    Majlis-i-khas

    A meeting of the king and his high officers

    Majlis-i-khilawat

    A secret meeting of the king and his high officers

    Malik naib

    Regent of the kingdom; an officer, authorized to act on behalf of the king

    Muhtasib

    An officer appointed to maintain law and order village headman; literally the first or senior man

    Muqta

    Governor; person-in-charge of an iqta or a medieval province

    Mustaufi-i-mamalakat

    Accountant for the whole kingdom

    Mustaufi-i-mamalik

    Auditor, for the whole kingdom

    Naib-i-arz

    Minister of war; or his deputy

    Naib-i-mamlakat

    Regent or the king's representative for the whole kingdom, authorized to act on behalf of the king.

    Diwan-i-Riyasat

    Office of the minister of trade and commerce

    Diwan-i-Mustakhraj

    Office for collecting taxes

    Doab

    Land between the Jamuna and the Ganga

    Fatwa

    A verdict according to the Shashgani Shariat or religious law

    Faujdar

    Commander of army

    Haqq-i-Shirb

    Profits from canal irrigation

    Hukm-i-masahat

    Assessment of land revenue according to measurement

    Chungi-i-Galla

    Tax on grain

    Amir-i-Tarab

    Entertainment tax

    Galla Bakshi, Kankut

    System of collection of land revenue

    Naib-i-mulk

    Regent of the kingdom

    Qazi-ul-Qazzat

    The chief qazi

    Sarai-Adl

    Name given to Alauddin Khilji's market in Delhi for the sale of cloth and other specified commodities

    Sashgani

    A small silver coin equal to six jitals or copper coins

    Shahna-i- mandi

    Officer in-charge of the grain market

    Sipahsalar

    Commander

    In the above list the terms which are used in Sultanate Period for the administrative and agrarian purposes that can be useful study material for the academic purposes as well as for those who are preparing for the competitive exams.

    Architectural Development during Delhi Sultanate Era

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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