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List of Botanical Gardens in India

The Botanical Gardens are dedicated place for the conservation and exhibition of different varieties of plants and trees. They sometimes also associated with the zoos. In this article, we are giving the list of the Botanical Gardens in India along with their location which will strengthen the knowledge of reader who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
Apr 23, 2019 18:39 IST
    List of Botanical Gardens in India

    A botanical garden is a place which have dedicated collection, cultivation, preservation and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names. It is established for the purpose of education and research through libraries, herbaria, laboratories, and museums. They sometime also associated with the zoos.

    The history of Botanic Gardens traced back to the 3000 years ago in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Romans were well versed in the medicinal properties of plants. Mummification is the best example of the uses of medicinal properties of the plants.

    Criteria for any institution that is considered to be a botanic garden

    1. A reasonable degree of permanence

    2. An underlying scientific basis for the collections

    3. Proper documentation of the collections, including wild origin

    4. Monitoring of the plants in the collections

    5. Adequate labelling of the plants

    6. Open to the public

    7. Communication of information to other gardens, institutions and the public

    8. Exchange of seed or other materials with other botanic gardens, arboreta or research institutions

    9. Undertaking of scientific or technical research on plants in the collections

    10. Maintenance of research programs in plant taxonomy in associated herbaria.

    Importance of Botanical Gardens

    As we know that, it is a home to various species of flora and fauna. Hence, it is open laboratories for students and researchers.

    1. It helps in the study of taxonomic research.

    2. It helps in the botanical research.

    3. It is a place where a variety of endangered species of flora and fauna is conserved.

    4. It is a place where rare species of flora and fauna can studied.

    5. It helps in the conservation of varieties of plants species.

    Botanical Gardens in India

    The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden or Indian Botanical Garden (West Bengal) is the largest and oldest botanical garden in India. The other famous botanical gardens of India are given below:

    1. Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden

    Location: Guwahati, Assam

    2. Botanical Garden Sarangpur

    Location: Chandigarh

    3. Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan

    Location: Patna, Bihar

    4. Botanical garden Vaghai

    Location: Saputara, Gujarat

    5. R. B. Botanical Garden and Amusement Park       

    Location: Gujarat

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    6. The Garça Branca Ayurvedic Botanical Garden

    Location: Loutolim, Goa

    7. Curzon Park,

    Location: Mysore Karnataka

    8. Pilikula Arboretum, Pilikula Nisargadhama

    Location: Mangalore, Karnataka

    9. Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore

    Location: Mysore, Karnataka

    10. University of Mysore Botanic Garden

    Location: Mysore, Karnataka

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    11. Prof. Nagaraj botanical garden

    Location: Kalaburgi, Karnataka

    12. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

    Location: Trivandrum   Kerala

    13. Vellayani Agricultural College,

    Location: Trivandrum, Kerala

    14. Empress Garden

    Location: Pune, Maharashtra

    15. Odisha State Botanical Garden

    Location: Nandankanan, Bhubaneswar, Odisha

    16. Botanical garden Guru Nanak Dev University

    Location: Amritsar, Punjab

    17. Botanical garden Punjabi University

    Location: Patiala, Punjab

    18. Auroville Botanical Gardens

    Location: Auroville, Tamil Nadu

    19. Botanic Gardens – Tamil Nadu Agricultural University

    Location: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

    20. Government Botanical Gardens

    Location: Ootacamund, Nilgiris district     Tamil Nadu

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    21. The Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding

    Location: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

    22. Semmozhi Poonga

    Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

    23. Botanical Garden

    Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

    24. NTR Garden

    Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

    25. Botanical Garden of India Republic

    Location: Noida, Uttar Pradesh

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    26. Jhansi Botanical Garden

    Location: Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh

    27. Saharanpur Botanical Garden

    Location: Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh

    28. Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden

    Location: Shibpur, Kolkata, West Bengal

    29. Agri Horticultural Society of India

    Location: Alipore, Kolkata, West Bengal

    30. Garden of Medicinal Plants

    Location: North Bengal University, West Bengal

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    31. Lalbagh

    Location: Bangalore, Karnataka

    32. Lloyd’s Botanical Garden

    Location: Darjeeling, West Bengal

    33. Malampuzha Garden

    Location: Palakkad, Kerala

    34. Mysore Zoo

    Location: Mysore, Karnataka

    35. Narendra Narayan Park

    Location: Cooch Behar, West Bengal

    Hence, we can say that botanical garden plays an important role in plant conservation. These garden help in the growth of horticulture and cultivation skills as well as restoration and rehabilitation of degraded habitats. According to the Botanic Gardens Conservation International, there are currently 1775 botanical gardens and arboreta in 148 countries around the world.

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