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List of countries and their national games

Dec 28, 2018 14:59 IST
    List of countries and their national games

    Image Source: ikrinskayasosh.dagschool.com

    There are numerous sports being played throughout the world and some of them evolve from distinct regions or some of them on the basis of popularity taken as a national game/sport. The national games of the countries are considered to be important for the country or are significant for their cultural values.  Here, we are giving the list of countries and their national games for both the sports lovers and for the aspirants of different competitive examinations.

    Countries and their national games

    1. Afghanistan

    Buzkashi is the national game of Afghanistan which is also known as Kopar, Kupari and Ulak Tartysh.


    Source: www.ontravelarabia.com

    National Game: Buzkashi

    2. Antigua and Barbuda

    It has a very rich culture which is complimented by the rich history. European sports largely influence the region and among all the sports, Cricket is the most popular among them. Hence on the basis of popularity, Cricket became national game.


    Source: www.rosewoodhotels.com

    National Game: Cricket

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    3. Argentina

    Although Argentina well known World’s is one of the best Football playing nation but Pato is the official national sport since 1953.


    Source: www.argentinaindependent.com

    National Game: Pato

    4. Australia

    Australian sports culture is one of the important features of sporting landscape. Cricket, Australian Rules football, rugby union and horse racing are among the earliest organised sports in Australia. Among all games, Cricket and Australian Rules Football (AFL) are taken as national game/ sport not only because of popularity but also its sporting history.

    National Game: Cricket and Australian Rules Football (AFL)

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    5. Bangladesh

    Cricket, Football and Kabaddi are considered as the most popular games in Bangladesh but Kabaddi is the national game of the country.


    National Game: Kabaddi

    6. Barbados

    Cricket is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of Barbados. Recently, government has implemented a policy of sports-based tourism. Barbados Cricket Association is the apex body to govern the cricket locally. Barbados has given famous cricketers- Sir Garfield Sobers, Sir Everton Weekes, Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Frank Worrell.

    National Game: Cricket

    7. Bermuda

    There are varieties of sports played in Bermuda but Cricket is most popular due to British influence.

    National Game:  Cricket

    8. Bhutan

    Archery is the national sport declared by the Kingdom in 1971 when it became the member of UN. Throughout the history of Bhutan, bow and arrow were an important means of survival in the highlands during wars and hunts and also it plays a significant role in their myths and legends. For example- images of gods holding bow and arrow.


    Source: www.michiganarchersassociation.com

    National Game: Archery

    9. Brazil

    Capoeira is an Afro-Brazilian martial art that is combination of dance and music, and is marked by deft, tricky movements. It is culturally significant and evolves during colonial times by slaves. It is popular not only in Brazil but also practices internationally through computer games and movies.


    Source: www.youtube.com

    National Game: Capoeira

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    10. Bulgaria

    Bulgaria is well known for its weightlifter because weightlifters won medals on almost every big weightlifting and set many world records on championships including the Olympic Games. The most distinguished weightlifters are Stefan Botev, Nikolay Peshalov, Demir Demirev and Yoto Yotov.


    Source: www.olympicweightlifting.eu

    National Game: Weightlifting

    11. Canada

    It has two national games- Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer). National Sports of Canada Act quotes:  "Hockey and Lacrosse to be national sports. The game commonly known as ice hockey is hereby recognized and declared to be the national winter sport of Canada and the game commonly known as Lacrosse is hereby recognized and declared to be the national summer sport of Canada."

    Ice Hockey

    National Game: Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer)

    12. Chile

    Chilean Rodeo is not only traditional sport but also national sport (declared in 1962).


    Source: cdn.c.photoshelter.com

    National Game: Chilean rodeo

    13. China

    China has not formally declared a national sport but on the basis of popularity table tennis called as national game.

    Table Tennis

    Source: www.languageties.com

    National Game: Table Tennis

    14. Cuba

    Cuban sports culture is very influence from the United States of America, hence among all the sports baseball is very popular among Cuban people.

    National Game: Baseball


    Source: totalsportscomplex.com

    15. Czech Republic

    Football and Ice Hockey are the two leading sports played in the country but ice hockey draws more attention because of popularity and professional stability.

    National Game: Ice Hockey

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    16. Dominican Republic

    Baseball is the most popular sport in the country. After the United States, it has the second-highest number of baseball players in Major League Baseball (MLB).

    National Game: Baseball

    17. England

    Soccer is the nation’s most popular sport but Cricket is the national game not by law but de facto.

    National Game: Cricket

    18. France

    Sports culture is very rich in France that reflected its popularity among French people and sporting history. Football became de facto national game.

    National Game: Football

    19. Haiti

    National Game: Football

    20. Hungary

    Water Polo is a national game of Hungary. They are considered the world's top power in the history of water polo, having won 15 Olympic, 10 World Championship, 5 FINA World League, 8 FINA World Cup and 21 European Championship medals.

    National Game: Water Polo

    Water Polo

    Image source: stagebanter.ca

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    21. India

    Field Hockey is the national game of India. The Golden Era of hockey in India was the period from 1928 - 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in the Olympic Games.

    National Game: Field hockey

    22. Israel

    Football is the most popular sport in Israel. The sport is under the jurisdiction of the Israel Football Association. It joined the Asian Football Confederation in 1954, but was booted out in 1974 due to political pressure from Arab world during the Arab–Israeli conflict.

    National Game: Football

    23. Italy

    Football (Calcio in Italian) is a national sport of Italy and currently the second most successful football team in World Cup history, after Brazil, having won four FIFA World Cup championships.

    National Game: Football

    24. Indonesia

    Badminton is the national game from both the participation and spectating aspect. It has won gold medals in badminton in every Olympic Games since the sport was first introduced to the Olympics in 1992 except in 2012 Summer Olympics.

    National Game: Badminton


    Source: sport.co.in

    25. Lithuania


    Basketball is the only sports which religiously followed by the people after Catholicism.

    National Game: Basketball

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    26. Iran

    Wrestling is regarded as national game due to its long tradition and history. There are many styles of folk wrestling, from Varzesh-e Pahlavani to Zurkhaneh which have similarities with modern freestyle wrestling.

    National Game: Wrestling

    27. Jamaica

    Sport is a significant part of Jamaican culture. It is one of the leading countries in sprinting with the current world record holder for 100m and 200m, Usain Bolt and the former 100m world record holder, Asafa Powell but on the basis of popularity, cricket is considered as national game.

    National Game: Cricket

    28. Japan

    Sumo wrestling is considered to be country’s national sport. It is a competitive full-contact wrestling sport where a rikishi (wrestler) attempts to force another wrestler out of a circular ring (dohyo) or into touching the ground with anything other than the soles of his feet. The characters literally mean "striking one another".

    National Game: Sumo Wrestling

    Sumo Wrestling

    Image source: www.bloomberg.com

    29. Malaysia

    Sepak Takraw is the national sport of the Malaysia. It is similar to volleyball or badminton except players cannot use their hands.

    National Game: Sepak Takraw

    Sepak Takraw

    Source: img.antaranews.com

    30. Mongolia

    There are three national games of Mongolia, known locally as 'the three games- Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding.

    National Game: Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding.

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    31. Mauritius

    The national sport of Mauritius is Football and became a member of FIFA in 1962 and Confederation of African Football in 1963.

    National Game: Football

    32. Mexico

    The national game of Mexico is Charrería. It is a competitive event similar to rodeo and was developed from animal husbandry practices used on the haciendas of old Mexico.

    National Game: Charreria


    Source: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com

    33. Nepal 

    Dandi Biyo (similar to Indian Gilli Danda) is played with a stick about two feet long and a wooden pin about six inches long. The pin is a small wooden stick with pointed ends.

    National Game: Dandi Biyo

    34. New Zealand

    Rugby union is the national game in New Zealand, and is popular across all sections of New Zealand society, and many New Zealanders associate it with their national identity.

    National Game: Rugby union

    Rugby Union

    Source: www.telegraph.co.uk

    35. Norway

    The national sport of Norway is Cross-country skiing. It is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance.

    National Game: Cross-country skiing

    Cross-Country Skiing

    Source: www.olympic.org

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    36. Pakistan

    The National game of Pakistan is Field Hockey.

    National Game: Field Hockey

    37. Philippines

    The National game of Philippines is Arnis. It is the system of Filipino fighting arts founded by Remy Presas as a self-defense system.

    National Game:  Arnis


    Source: theobamaforum.com

    38. Poland

    National Game:  Football

    39. Peru

    Paleta frontón is a Peruvian sport which similar to tennis.

    National Game: Paleta Fronton

    Palets Fronton

    Source: i.ytimg.com

    40. Russia

    Chess is the most popular game in Russia but Bandy (form of hockey) is considered to be national game.

    National Game: Bandy

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    41. Scotland

    The national game of Scotland is Golf because of its origin. More than six centuries ago, the first courses and rule of the game were developed.

    National Game: Golf


    Source: calamigosguestranch.com

    42. Serbia

    The Football, basketball, volleyball and water polo are the most popular sports in Serbia but there is no official announcement for national game.

    43. Slovenia

    The national game of Slovenia is skiing.


    Source: upload.wikimedia.org

    National Game: Skiing

    44. South Korea

    Taekwondo is the national game because it is often claimed to have historical origins on the Korean peninsula with origins said to have been traced as far back as the 1st century BCE.

    National Game: Tae-kwon-do


    Source: www.darumamartialarts.com

    45. SriLanka

    The national sport of Sri Lanka is Volleyball. Other popular sports are water sports, badminton, athletics, football, basketball and tennis.


    National Game: Volleyball

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    46. Switzerland

    The National game of Switzerland is Shooting and Gymnastics.

    National Game: Shooting and Gymnastics

    47. Tajikistan

    The national sport of Tajikistan is Gushtigiri (type of wrestling).

    National Game:  Gushtigiri

    48. Turkey

    Oil wrestling / grease wrestling is the Turkish national sport. It is so called because the wrestlers douse themselves with olive oil.

    National Game: Oil wrestling

    49. USA

    The national game of USA is Baseball not by law but through de facto.

    National Game:  Baseball

    US Baseball

    Source: quotezee.blogspot.com

    50. Venezuela

    The national game of Venezuela is Baseball. It is known to produce some of the most skilled baseball players in the world for example Luis Aparicio.

    National Game: Baseball

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    List of countries and their national games

    Name of Countries

    National Game



    Antigua and Barbuda








    Cricket and Australian Rules Football (AFL)





















    Ice hockey (In Winter) & Lacrosse (In Summer)



    Chilean rodeo



    Table Tennis




    Czech Republic


    Ice Hockey

    Dominican Republic














    Water polo



    Field hockey





















    Sumo Wrestling



    Sepak Takraw



    Mongolian wrestling, archery and horse riding.









    Dandi Biyo

    New Zealand


    Rugby union



    Cross-country skiing



    Field Hockey









    Paleta Frontón









    Football, basketball, volleyball and water polo 




    South Korea








    Shooting and Gymnastics






    Oil wrestling







    National Game or National Sport of the country is an intrinsic part of their culture. The above list of countries and their national games is usefull for both the sports lovers and for the aspirants of different competitive examinations.

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