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List of Important Ratnis and Officials of Vedic Period

23-MAY-2018 18:08
    List of Important Ratnis and Officials of Vedic Period

    At the time early Vedic age, the fundamental unit of power lied within the realm of patriarchal family which was called as Kula. In the later Vedic age, the concept of state was emerged and the idea of Kingship evolved gradually from clan chieftainship. Over the time, the legitimisation of King's power increases by rituals of sacrifice (Yajna) by the priests and meanwhile defined the officials who subordinate the King and state-affairs. There are five types of State System during Vedic period which is given:

    1. Rajya (Central kingdom): Ruled by the Raja

    2. Bhojya (Southern kingdom): Ruled by the Bhoja

    3. Swarajya (Western kingdom): Ruled by the Svarat

    4. Vairajya (Northern kingdom): Ruled by the Virat

    5. Samrajya (Eastern kingdom):  Ruled by the Samrat

    Over the time, the legitimisation of King's power increases by rituals of sacrifice (Yajna) by the priests and meanwhile defined the officials who subordinate the King in its state-affairs.

    List of Vedic Literature| Sacred Hindu Scriptures

    Ratnis and Officials of Vedic Period

    Ratnis and Officials

    Working area (Description)

    Purohita

    Chief priest, also sometimes referred to as the Rashtragopa

    Senani

    Supreme Commander of the army

    Vrajapati

    Officer Incharge of the Pasture land

    Jivagribha

    Police officer

    Spasas/Dutas

    Spies, who also sometimes worked as messengers

    Gramani

    Head of the village

    Kulapati

    Head of Family

    Madhyamasi

    Mediator of Disputes

    Bhagadugha

    Revenue Collector

    Sangrihitri

    Treasurer

    Mahishi

    The Chief Queen

    Suta

    Charioteer and Court Minister

    Govinkartana

    Keeper of Games and Forests

    Palagala

    Messenger

    Kshatri

    Chamberian

    Akshavapa

    Accountant

    Athapati

    Chief Judge

    Takshan

    Carpenter

    The king ruled with the consent and approval of the people and the prime duty of the king were to protect the tribe in which assisted by the above ratnis and officials. The political units during the Rig Vedic or the early Vedic period comprised of Grama (village), Vish and Jana. There were several tribal kingdoms during the Rig Vedic period such as Bharatas, Matsyas, Yadus and Purus. There was no regular revenue system and the kingdom was maintained by the voluntary tribute (Bali) of the people and the booty won in battle.

    History of Ancient India: Complete Study Material

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