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List of local names of shifting cultivation around the world

28-MAR-2018 19:30
    List of local names of shifting cultivation around the world

    The Shifting cultivation is a form of agricultural practice or a cultivation system in which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored. As per UN report, more than 250 million populations in the world derive subsistence from the practice of shifting cultivation and ecological consequences are often harmful.  It has diverse forms, remains a permeate practice of the tropical region.

    List of local names of shifting cultivation around the world

    Name of Shifting Cultivation

    Region

    Ray

    Vietnam

    Tavi

    Madagascar

    Masole

    Congo (Zaire river Valley)

    Fang

    Equatorial African Countries

    Logan

    Western Africa

    Comile

    Mexico

    Milpa

    Yucatan and Guatemala

    Echalin

    Guadeloupe

    Milya

    Mexico and Central America

    Konuko

    Venezuela

    Roka

    Brazil

    Chetemini

    Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe

    Caingin

    Philippines

    Taungya

    Myanmar

    Chena

    Sri Lanka

    Ladang

    Java and Indonesia

    Tamrai

    Thailand

    Humah

    Java and Indonesia

    India

    Jhum

    North-eastern India

    Vevar and Dahiyaar

    Bundelkhand Region (Madhya Pradesh)

    Deepa

    Bastar District (Madhya Pradesh)

    Zara and Erka

    Southern States

    Batra

    South-eastern Rajasthan

    Podu

    Andhra Pradesh

    Kumari

    Hilly Region of the Western Ghats of Kerala

    Kaman, Vinga and Dhavi

    Odisha

    Although, it is not very productive but also provides a bare living for the people who are too poor to afford fertilizer or farm machinery. Traditionally, this practice of agriculture also helps in minimising the soil erosion because most of the land is not cultivated at any given time. According to Conklin, shifting cultivation implies an aimless, unplanned nomadic movement or an abrupt change in location, either of which may refer to the cropping area, the agriculturists or both. It is traditional forms of agriculture which was practiced by early humans and its survival in the modern world suggests that it is a flexible and highly adaptive means of production. However, it is also a grossly misunderstood practice.

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