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List of official languages specified in the Constitution of India

Part XVII of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in articles 343 to 351.the constitution does not specify the official language of different states. At present (2018), the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution specifies 22 languages (originally 14 languages).
Mar 29, 2018 15:41 IST
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Official Languages of India
Official Languages of India

Part XVII of the Indian constitution deals with the official languages in articles 343 to 351.The Constitution does not specify the official language of different states. At present (2018), the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution specifies 22 languages (originally 14 languages).

List of all the 22 languages specified in the constitution is as follows;

  Language

   Spoken in the States  

 1. Assamese

 Assam, Arunachal Pradesh

 2. Benga

 West Bengal, Assam and Tripura, Andaman islands and Bangladesh

 3. Gujarati

 Gujarat, Daman and Diu

 4. Hindi

 Almost every part of the country including North-Central India

 5. Kannada

 Karnataka  

 6. Kashmiri

 Kashmir

 7. Konkani

 It is the official language of Goa but spoken in Southern Maharashtra, North Karnataka, Kerala also.

 8. Malayalam

 Southwestern Kerala, Lakshadweep, Karnataka and Tamil  Nadu

 9. Manipuri

 Manipur, Assam, Mizoram, Tripura, Bangladesh and Myanmar

 10. Marathi

 In addition to Maharashtra, it is spoken in Goa, Karnataka, Gujarat, Daman and Diu and Dadar and Nagar Haveli.

 11. Nepali

 It is the national language of Nepal. It is also spoken in Sikkim, West Bengal, North-eastern states, Bhutan, Tibet and Myanmar.

 12. Odia

 It is mainly spoken in Odisha. It is the official language of the Odisha state.

 13. Punjabi

 It is principle language of Punjab but spoken in Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Pakistan, USA, Canada and Australia also.

 14. Sanskrit

 At present; this language is not spoken in almost any part of India. But it is still spoken in Mattur (Mathur) village of Karnataka state.

 15. Sindhi

 This language is mainly spoken in Gujarat and Sindh province of Pakistan.

 16. Tamil

 This is the official language of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. It is spoken in Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Vietnam also.

 17.Urdu

 It is an additional official language of Jammu & Kashmir, Telangana, Delhi, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. There are 4.81 crores Urdu speakers in India, 1.07 crores in Pakistan, 6.5 lacs in Bangladesh and 4 lacs in Britain.

 18. Telugu

 It is principle language of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. Apart from these states; it is spoken in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Odisha, Puducherry and Chhattisgarh also.

 19. Bodo

 Bodo or Baro is a Tibetan-Burmese language spoken by Bodo people living in northeast, Nepal and Bangladesh.

 20. Dogri

 Dogri language is spoken in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Dogri is the dialect of Punjabi.

 21. Maithili

 Maithili language is spoken in the northern region of Bihar and Valley of Nepal.

 22. Santali

It is spoken in Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Tripura and Bengal. It is spoken in Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan also.

In the end; it is worth to mention that the Sindhi language was added in the 8th schedule by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967; Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali were added by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992; and Bodo, Dongri, Maithili and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003. In all the 22 official languages the Hindi language is spoken by most of the Indians.

List of subjects covered in the 11th Schedule of the Indian Constitution

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