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List of Political organizations before the establishment of Congress

30-JUL-2018 16:08
    List of Political organizations before the establishment of Congress

    The establishment of the Indian National Congress (INC) in December 1885 was not an accidental event, but it was the peak of political awakening. This formation changes the perspective because it was dominated by the educated middle class—the lawyers, journalists, doctors, teachers, etc. and they had a wider perspective and a larger agenda.

    Before the establishment of the Indian National Congress, the political association was dominated by wealthy and aristocratic elements, local or regional in character. They wanted to achieve administrative reforms, associations of Indian with the administration and spread of education through long petitions to the British Parliament. The political organisations before the establishment of the Congress are discussed below:

    Political organizations before the establishment of Congress

    1. Landholders Society

    Founded in: 1836

    Place: Kolkata (formerly named: Calcutta)

    Founded by: Dwarkanath Tagore

    2. British India Society

    Founded in: 1839

    Place: London

    Founded by: William Adam

    3. Bengal British India Society

    Founded in: 1843

    Place: Kolkata (formerly named: Calcutta)

    Famous Revolutionaries leaders of India’s Freedom Movement

     4. British India Association

    Founded in: 1852

    Place: Kolkata (formerly named: Calcutta)

    Founded by: Dwarkanath Tagore

    5. Madras Native Association

    Founded in: 1852

    Place: Chennai (former name: Madras)

    Founded by: Gazulu Lakshminarasu Chetty

    6. Bombay Association

    Founded in: 1852

    Place: Mumbai (former name: Bombay)

    Founded by: Jagannath Shankar Seth

    Legislation of British Government to stop Revolutionaries Activities in India

     7. East India Association

    Founded in: 1866

    Place: London

    Founded by: Dadabhai Naoroji

    8. National Indian Association

    Founded in: 1867

    Place: London

    Founded by: Mary Carpenter

    9. Poona Sarvajanik Sabha

    Founded in: 1876

    Place: Pune

    Founded by: Mahadev Govind Ranade, Ganesh Vasudeo Joshi, S. H. Chiplunkar 

    10. Indian Society

    Founded in: 1872

    Place: London

    Founded by: Anand Mohan Bose

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    11. Indian Association

    Founded in: 1876

    Place: Kolkata (formerly named: Calcutta)

    Founded by: Surendranath Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose

    12. Madras Mahajan Sabha

    Founded in: 1884

    Place: Chennai (former name: Madras)

    Founded by: M. Veeraraghavachariar, G. Subramania Iyer and P. Anandacharlu

    13. Bombay Presidency Association

    Founded in: 1885

    Place: Mumbai (former name: Bombay)

    Founded by: Phirozshah Mehta, K.T Telang and Badruddin Tyabji

    It was marked as the beginning of an organised political activity and use of methods of constitutional agitation for the redressal of grievances with the establishment of the Congress. There were quite a few Political associations before Congress which worked to achieve Political rights.

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