List of Scientific Names of Animals and Birds

The naming of the species of living things is done by a formal system known as binomial nomenclature. Who classified species into names? Let us have a look at the list of the scientific names of living things including animals and birds.
Created On: Feb 19, 2020 13:06 IST
Modified On: Jan 19, 2021 09:22 IST
List of Scientific Names of Animals and Birds
List of Scientific Names of Animals and Birds

Carl Linnaeus, a practical Swedish biologist classified species into two names, one is the genus, and the other is a specific name. Like Homo sapiens, which stands for humans. In this homo is genus and sapiens is a specific name. Let us tell you that the classification of living things whether animals or birds into the scientific name is important for better communication and provides necessary information. 

Therefore, to recognize easily zoological names are written in a standard form. Rules for writing are as follows:

- The genus name is written first and always starts with the capital letter.

- The specific is the second name which starts with the lower-case letter. In this way, we can see the hierarchy between genus and species.

- Basically, the genus and specific name are written in italics to distinguish it from the surrounding text.

- All the letters of alphabets are used in writing names i.e. 26 letters.

- Gaps, accents, apostrophes, hyphens (except rare instances), and numbers are not used.

- We can also write scientific names like H. sapiens i.e. genus name can be abbreviated and a specific name should be written in full.

- Also, the names of higher-ranking groups like families or orders always begin with a capital but are not italicized.

Organ Systems of Human Body

Below is the list of the animals and birds with scientific names that are useful for the various competitive exams and academic exams also.

Animals & Birds

Scientific Names


Bos gaurus

Black buck

Antelope cervicapra


Gazella bennettii


Boselaphus tragocamelus


Canis lupus


Panthera leo


Elephas maximus

Wild Ass

Equus africanus asinus

Leopard or panther

Panthera pardus

Kashmir stag or hangul

Cervus canadensis hanglu


Pavo cristatus

Siberian crane

Grus leucogeranus


Vulpes vulpes


Rhinoceros unicornis


Panthera Tigris


Crocodylus palustris

Gavial or Gharial

Gavialis gangeticus


Equus caballus


Equus quagga


Babalus bubalis

Wild boar

Sus scrofa

Arabian camel

Camelus dromedaries


Giraffa camelopardalis

House wall Lizard

Hemidactylus flaviviridis


Hippopotamus amphibius

Rhesus monkey or baudar

Macaca mulatta


Canis lupus familiaris


Felis domesticus


Acinonyx jubatus

Black rat

Rattus rattus

House mouse

Mus musculus


Oryctolagus cuniculus

Great horned owl

Bubo virginianus

House sparrow

Passer domesticus

House crow

Corvus splendens

Common myna

Acridotheres tristis

Indian parrot

Psittacula eupatria


Molpastes cafer


Eudynamis scolopaccus


Columba livia

Indian Cobra

Naja naja

King cobra

Ophiophagus hannah

Sea snake


Indian Python (Ajgar)

Python molurus

Dhaman or rat snake

Ptyas mucosa

These are some scientific names of animals and birds that will help in the preparation of examination as now a day’s scenario and pattern of an exam are changing with time. So, it is necessary to grasp these types of facts.

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