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List of Worldwide Hot Spots Region

Sep 4, 2017 16:30 IST

    Hot Spots are biogeographic regions with significant levels of biodiversity are areas that are severely threatened by human activities. A number of factors are important in determining the priority status of a given hot spot. Some of the most important factors are the number of plant and animal species found in the hot spot and nowhere else in the world; the degree of habitat loss and the number of endemic plant and animal species per unit area.

    Biodiversity Hot Spots Region

    British ecologists Norman Myers defined the biodiversity hot spots as the region that combines high richness, endemism and threat. Here, we are giving the list of Worldwide Hot Spots Region for general awareness.

    List of Worldwide Hot Spots Region

    1. California Floristic Province

    2. Madrean pine-oak woodlands

    3. Mesoamerica

    4. North American Coastal Plain (composed of Atlantic Coastal Plain and Gulf Coastal Plain)

    5. Caribbean Islands

    6. Atlantic Forest

    7. Cerrado

    8. Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests

    9. Tumbes-Chocó-Magdalena

    10. Tropical Andes

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    11. Mediterranean Basin

    12. Cape Floristic Region

    13. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa

    14. Eastern Afromontane

    15. Guinean Forests of West Africa

    16. Horn of Africa

    17. Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands

    18. Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany

    19. Succulent Karoo

    20. Mountains of Central Asia

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    21. Eastern Himalaya, Nepal, India

    22. Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar

    23. Western Ghats, India

    24. Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka

    25. East Melanesian Islands

    26. New Caledonia

    27. New Zealand

    28. Philippines

    29. Polynesia-Micronesia

    30. Eastern Australian temperate forests

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    31. Southwest Australia

    32. Sundaland and Nicobar islands of India

    33. Wallacea

    34. Japan

    35. Mountains of Southwest China

    36. Caucasus

    37. Irano-Anatolian

    In the above listed hot spot regions support a rich biodiversity because of geologic formations and endemic flora and fauna and also exhibit exceptional scientific interest.

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