Hot Spots are biogeographic regions with significant levels of biodiversity are areas that are severely threatened by human activities. A number of factors are important in determining the priority status of a given hot spot. Some of the most important factors are the number of plant and animal species found in the hot spot and nowhere else in the world; the degree of habitat loss and the number of endemic plant and animal species per unit area.
British ecologists Norman Myers defined the biodiversity hot spots as the region that combines high richness, endemism and threat. Here, we are giving the list of Worldwide Hot Spots Region for general awareness.
1. California Floristic Province
2. Madrean pine-oak woodlands
4. North American Coastal Plain (composed of Atlantic Coastal Plain and Gulf Coastal Plain)
5. Caribbean Islands
6. Atlantic Forest
8. Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests
10. Tropical Andes
11. Mediterranean Basin
12. Cape Floristic Region
13. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa
14. Eastern Afromontane
15. Guinean Forests of West Africa
16. Horn of Africa
17. Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands
19. Succulent Karoo
20. Mountains of Central Asia
21. Eastern Himalaya, Nepal, India
22. Indo-Burma, India and Myanmar
23. Western Ghats, India
24. Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
25. East Melanesian Islands
26. New Caledonia
27. New Zealand
30. Eastern Australian temperate forests
31. Southwest Australia
32. Sundaland and Nicobar islands of India
35. Mountains of Southwest China
In the above listed hot spot regions support a rich biodiversity because of geologic formations and endemic flora and fauna and also exhibit exceptional scientific interest.
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