Livestock sub-sector, with its yearly outputs such as milk, egg, wool and meat valued at nearly Rs. 170,000 crore - about 27% of agricultural Gross Domestic Product & engaging over 90 million people, is an extremely tactical & fundamental sub - sector for agrarian economy of India. The ownership of livestock is certainly egalitarian, particularly in the semi-arid, arid & other non - congenial rain fed settings & is a significant constituent of livelihood security.
Owning the largest livestock population of the world, the rank of India is 1st in the production of milk, 5th in the production of egg & 7th in the production of meat. The entire livestock production has been rising at a much faster rate of 3.6 % per year against only 1.1 % registered for the crops sub - sector during the precedent decade.
Efficiency of our animals is approximately 1/3rd of that of the world’s average & lesser when compared with that in developed countries. Conversely, India has about 20 % of the world’s animal population, but good grazing lands are nearly non - existent, consequently put forth giant pressure on the shrinking and limited land & water resources. The major constraints relate to feed, fodder, healthcare, conservation and genetic improvement, processing & value addition, remunerative pricing & marketing.
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