Khusrau Khan, the last ruler of the Khilji administration was executed by Ghazni Malik, who raised the throne accepting the title Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq. He passed away in a mishap and his sone Jauna (Ulugh Khan) succeeded him under the title Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq, in 1325. He ruled Delhi from 1325 to 1351. Muhammand-bin-Tughlaq was born in Kotla in Multan and was married to the daughter of raja of Dipalpur.
|The Tughlaq Dynasty|
|Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq||1320-24 AD|
|Muhammad Tughlaq||1324-51 AD|
|Firoz Shah Tughlaq||1351-88 AD|
|Mohammad Khan||1388 AD|
|Ghiyassuddin Tughlaq Shah II||1388 AD|
|Abu Baqr||1389-90 AD|
|Nasiruddin Muhammad||1390-94 AD|
|Nasiruddin Mahmud||1395-1412 AD|
He was intellectual of reasoning, philosophy, astronomy, mathematics, calligraphy and physical sciences. He had good knowledge of various languages such as Turkish, Sanskrit, Persian and Arabic. The famous traveller Ibn Battuta visited India during his reign. He was a liberal king who believed in equality. He gave freedom to Hindu as well as Jains.
Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq is best recognized as a ruler who attempts various striking trials, and demonstrated a distinct fascination in farming. He was profoundly perused in religion and reasoning and had a discriminating and receptive outlook. He had profound enthusiasm for rationality, space science, rationale and arithmetic. He talked with the Muslim spiritualists, as well as with the Hindu yogis and Jain holy people, for example, Junaprabha Suri.
He attempted to present numerous authoritative changes. But, a large portion of these failed because of his fretfulness and absence of judgment.
His Five Disastrous Projects
These projects led to revolt in many parts of the country leading to independence of Madurai and Warrangal and foundation of Vijaynagar and Bahamani.
He died in Thatta while battling in Sindh against Taghi, a Turkish slave.