Natural Resources: Biodiversity and Agricultural Genetic Resources
Biodiversity refers to the plentiful wealth of flora & fauna together with soil micro - flora & micro - fauna & comprises the genetic wealth for livelihood security & welfare of farmers. The endeavor should be to safeguard and augment these natural resources, to endow with equitable access & lead to sustainable employ with equitable allotment of benefits.
Nevertheless, erosions and degradations are unbridled in our biodiversity, agro - ecological production systems and forests. The trouncing of land races, local breeds and wild species have significantly improved genetic susceptibility of our major crops, fish and livestock, besides losing priceless gene pools. Synergy & resemblance is also missing between the recently created biodiversity related national bodies, specifically, Plant Variety Protection, Farmers Rights Authority and National Biodiversity Board.
Plant Variety Protection & Farmers’ Rights Act was enacted in the year 2001. The Act distinguishes the manifold roles of farmers as cultivators, breeders and conservers. Comprehensive guidelines should be developed for ensuring that the rights of farmers in their various roles are shielded. This necessitates that farmers can keep their own seeds. They can also go into limited exchange in their environs.
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