North Eastern States at a Glance: (Seven Sisters of India)

North East India comprises of seven states commonly known as the “Seven Sisters”. They are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. Northeast India houses umpteen number of tourist attractions with its picture-perfect landscapes, cultural diversity, festivals, traditions, further augmenting the charm of the region. We have names like Mary Kom, Bhaichung Bhutia, Somdev, Sarita Devi – some of the greatest icons of Indian sports. Arunachal Pradesh is the eastern most state of the country, which witnesses the first sunrise.
Created On: Dec 24, 2015 15:35 IST
Modified On: Jan 7, 2016 12:37 IST

North East India comprises of seven states commonly known as the “Seven Sisters”. They are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. Northeast India houses umpteen number of tourist attractions with its picture-perfect landscapes, cultural diversity, festivals, traditions, further augmenting the charm of the region.

The basic reason to call these North-Eastern States, Seven Sisters is the geographical location of all seven states in the same region.

Jagranjosh

Source: http://www.mapsofindia.com

1. Arunachal Pradesh

The Land:  Arunachal Pradesh the 24th state of the Indian Union, is bounded by Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, China to the north and north-east and the plains of Assam to the south. Arunachal is the largest state (area-wise) in the North-East Region.

Jagranjosh

Source: www.indiandefencereview.com

Facts about Arunachal Pradesh:

Area    

83,743 sq. km(bounded by Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, China), Districts are13.

Capital

Itanagar

 

Attained Statehood

Feb 20, 1987 (Arunachal Pradesh the 24th state of the Indian Union)

Population (2011 Census) 

13.84 lakhs

Languages

Adi, Aka, Apatani, Dafla, Nishing, Miji, Gallong, Nocte,Wancho, Tagin, Hill Miri, Idu Mishmi, Miju Mishmi, Digaru Mishmi, Monpa, Tangsa, Khampti, Sherdukpen, and Bangni.

Economy

Size of state economy is  $ 2.651 bn. About 35% of the population of Arunachal Pradesh, agriculture is the main occupation. 17% of total cultivated area is under irrigation. About 62% of the total area of the state is under forests. Main crop is rice.

Literacy Rate (20011 Census)

65.38%

Legislature

Unicameral.

Climate

Highly hot and humid in the lower altitude and very cold in the

Rainfall

3300 cms average.

Festivals

Siang River Festival, Nyokum (festival of the Nyishi tribe), Lossar Festival (to welcome a new year), Dree Festival, Boori Boot (for successful harvest of the crops), Loku (farwell to the winter) , Sanken (celebrated by the Khampti tribe of Lohit district),Pangsau Pass Winter Festival,Ziro Festival of Music, Solung (An agriculture festival).

 

Source: www.mapsofindia.com

2. Assam:

Jagranjosh

Source: nvbdcp.gov.in

Facts about Assam:

Area    

78, 438 sq. km, Districts are 23

Capital

Dispur

 

Attained Statehood

Aug. 15, 1947(Assam is the gateway to the north-east.)

Population (2011 Census) 

3.12 crore

Languages

Assamese, Hindi, English, Bengali

Economy

 

About 63% of the state’s working force is engaged in agriculture and allied activities. Rice is the principal food crop.  Forest account for 22.41% of the total area of the state.

 

Literacy Rate (20011 Census)

72.09%

Legislature

Unicameral.

Places of Interest:

Kaziranga National Park: Kaziranga(famous for horned rhino, breeding place of pelican), Manas National Park, The only Tiger Reserve of Assam. (world heritage site), Nameri National Park, Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary , Bura-Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary

Rainfall

200- 300 cms annual average

Festivals

Bihu-Bhogali or Magh Bihu (January), Rongali or Bohag Bihu (April), and Kongali or Kati Bihu (May), Baishagu (celebrated by Bodo Kacharis during mid April), Ali-Ai-Ligang (festival of the Mishing tribe.

3. Manipur :

Jagranjosh

Source: www.mdoner.gov.in

Facts about Manipur:

Area    

22,327 sq. km (Manipur means the 'land of gems'), Districts are 9.

Capital

Imphal

Attained Statehood

Jan 21, 1972 (This north-eastern state was described as the land of gold or ‘Suvarnabhu’)

Population (2011 Census) 

2.72 million

Languages

Manipuri, English

Economy

 About 88% of the total working population in the hills and about 60% of the working population in the valley depend entirely on the agriculture and allied pursuits like animal husbandry, fisheries and forestry.

Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

68.87%

Legislature

Unicameral.

Places of Interest:

Govindajee temple, a Vaishnavite temple, Manipur zoological park, The largest fresh water lake of northeast India is located in Manipur. It is called the Loktak Lake and Sendra Island.

Rainfall

1467.5 mm

Festivals

Khamba (incarnation of Lord Shiva), Thoibi (incarnation of Parvati) dance with picturesque dresses having restrained and delicate movements,

"The Rasa Lila, Pung Cholom or kartal Cholom.

 4. Meghalaya:

Jagranjosh

Source: www.mdoner.gov.in

 Facts about Meghalaya:

Area    

22,429 sq. km (Meghalaya, a Sanskrit word meaning "the  abode of cloud"), Districts are 7

Capital

Shilong,  (The Khasi, Garo and Jaintia are main tribes)

 

Attained Statehood

Jan 21, 1972,

Population (2011 Census) 

29.67 Lakhs

Languages

Khasi, Garo, English

Economy

Size of economy is  $ 4.290 bn

Its 80% population is based on Agriculture, major food crops of rice and maize, Meghalaya is known for its oranges (Khasi Mandarian), pineapple, banana, jackfruits

Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

75.48%

Legislature

Unicameral.

Places of Interest:

Cherrapunji, Mawsynram (higher rainfall in the world), Wards lake - Situated right in the heart of the city (Shillong), Syndai-or Syndai Caves

Rainfall

241.5 cm

Festivals

A five day long religious festival of the Khasis, Ka Pemblang Nongrem dance is popularly known as Nongrem dance is held annually at village, Smit,11km from Shillong.

5. Mizoram:

Jagranjosh

Source: https://health.mizoram.gov.in

Facts about Mizoram:

Area    

21,081sq. km

Capital

Aizawl

 

Attained Statehood

Jan 21, 1972,

Population (2011 Census) 

1,091014

Languages

Mizo, Kuki, and English

Economy

Size of the economy is $ 2.015 bn.

Its 80% population is based on Agriculture, major food crops of rice and maize, Meghalaya is known for its oranges (Khasi Mandarian), pineapple, banana, jackfruits

 

Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

91.33%

Sex Ratio

971 / 1000 Male

Legislature

Unicameral (Assembly seats 40)

Lok Sabha seats

1

Main Towns

Aizawl, lunglei, champai, kolosib, saiha

Dances

Bamboo dance, khantum solokia, kuallam, cheraw kan

Festivals

Chapchar kut, mim kut, pawl kut, Christmas, Easter, Thalfavang

6.Nagaland:

Jagranjosh

Source: http://nsdma.gov.in/

Facts about Nagaland:

Area    

16, 579 sq. km,  Districts are 23

Capital

Kohima,  (Nagaland is a hilly state), There is no caste system among the Nagas or anyone of the non-Naga tribes.

Attained Statehood

December 1, 1963

Population (2011 Census) 

29.67 Lakh

Languages

English, Hindi, Ao, Chang, Konyak, Angami, Sema, Lotha, Sangtam and Chakhesang.

Economy

Over 85% population of Nagaland is directly dependent on agriculture.

Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

74.43%

Legislature

Unicameral.

Places of Interest:

It is called as Nag Bhumi’- the land of serpents. The Japfu peak situated at a height of 3048 mts. above sea level is the second highest peak in Nagaland after Mt. Saramati.

Rainfall

200- 300 cms annual average

Festivals

Konyak Aoling and Phom Monyu festivals, Chakhesang Sukrunye festival in January, followed by Kuki Mimkut; Angami Sekrenyi is celebrated in February.

7.Tripura:

Jagranjosh

Source : http://www.mapsofindia.com

Facts about Tripura:

Area    

10,492 sq. km, Tripura, the ancient home of the Bodos, is the northeastern state of India located by the side of Bangladesh. Districts are 4

Capital

Agartala

Attained Statehood

January 21, 1972

Population (2011 Census) 

36.74 Lakhs

Languages

Bengali, Manipuri and Kakborak

Economy

Size of the economy is $ 5.247 bn

Rice is the main crop. It is well-suited to the marshy conditions of the northern basin. Jute, cotton, tea, and fruit are important cash crops. Sugar cane, mustard and potatoes are also grown.

Literacy Rate (2011 Census)

87.22 %

Legislature

Unicameral.

Places of Interest:

Ujjayanta Palace, Sepahijala Wild life Sanctuary, Neer Mahal ( A palace in water), Jampui Hills, Unakoti (a profusion of the rock cut images).

Rainfall

22.4 cms (June to August)

Festivals

Garia Puja, Kharchi Puja, Ker Puja, Durga Puja(Oct-Nov), Tirthamukh-A popular pilgrim centre for the tribal people of Tripura.

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