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Odisha at a Galance: The land of Lord Jagannath

15-JAN-2016 10:33

    Odisha is one of the 29 states of India, located in the east of India. It is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south and south-east. Odisha has 485 kilometres (301 mi) of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam. Odia (formerly known as Oriya) is the official and most widely-spoken language. The word Oriya is an anglicised version of Odia which itself is a modern name for the Odra or Udra tribes that inhabited the central belt of modern Orissa.

    History of Odisha

    It is the modern name of the ancient nation of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka in 261 BC. The term Odisha is derived from Sanskrit word Odra Vishaya or "Odra Desa. The Ancient Odra desa or Ordesa was limited to the valley of Mahanadi and to the lower course of Subarnarekha River. It comprised the whole of the present districts of Cuttack and Sambalpur and a portion of Midnapur which is bounded on the west by Gondwana, on the north by the wild hill states of Jaspur and Singhbhum, on the east by the sea and on the South by Ganjam. Historically, it was a home of many powerful kings and kingdoms. It has rich history of art, architecture, culture and religion that has drawn attention from all over the world.

    Jagranjosh

    Source: www.go2india.in

    Facts about Odisha:

    Area

    155,820 km2

    Population

    ​​ 4.19 cr (Census 2011)

    Establishment

    1 April 1936 as Orissa Province (Utkala Dibasa/Odisha Day)

    Language

    Odia (official language), English

    Neighbouring states

    Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal

    Capital 

    Bhubaneswar

    Members of  Parliament

    Lok Sabha=21 , Rajya Sabha=10

    Legislature

    Unicameral, State Assembly Seats=147

    Major Cities

    Bhubaneswar,Cuttack,Raurkela, Sambalpur,Puri, Naleshwar,Bhadrak

    Lakes

    Hirakund, Balimela, Chilka (the largest brackish water inland lake in Asia)

    Rivers

    Mahanadi, Brahmani, Bitarni, Tel and Sabari

    National Parks

    The largest lion safari of india, and the only white tiger safari in the world located near bhubaneswar

    Economy  Size

    US$ 53.421 billion, 64% of the working population is dependent on the Agriculture.

    Literacy

    73.45 %

    Districts

    30

    Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census)

    978 per Thousand Male

    Density

    270/km2 (700/sq mi)

    Principal Dances

    Odishi, Ghumura Dance,  Chhau dance, Mahari dance, and Gotipua.

    Fair and Festivals

    Rath Yatra (Puri), Shravan Purnima, Ashokastami, Chandan Yatra,Konark Festival, Sanana Yatra

    Temples % tourist place

     

     

    Lingaraja Temple (Bhubaneswar), Jagannath Temple, Puri and the Konark Sun Temple. Raghunath Temple(Nayagarh),Nandankanan Zoological Park

    Principal Crops

    Rice,Pulses,Oilseeds,Sugarcane,Turmeric,Mesta,Coconut,Silk,Rosewood

    Principal Minerals

    Iron, Bauxite, Chromite, Coal,

     

     

    DISCLAIMER: JPL and its affiliates shall have no liability for any views, thoughts and comments expressed on this article.

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