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Peninsular River Flowing Towards the West

Peninsular River flowing towards the west has short courses and most of these rivers are originates on Western Ghats. The important peninsular rivers flowing towards the west are Shetrunji, Bhadra (Bhadar), Vaitarna, Kalindi, Bedti, Sharavati, Bharsthpuzha, Periyar and Pamba. These rivers cover in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala and hence they are only drainage system other than rainwater for their agricultural activities.
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The important peninsular rivers flowing towards the west are Shetrunji, Bhadra (Bhadar), Vaitarna, Kalindi, Bedti, Sharavati, Bharsthpuzha, Periyar and Pamba. The rivers flowing towards the Arabian Sea have short courses. These rivers cover in the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. Peninsular River flowing towards the west is discussed below:

The Shetruniji is one such river which rises near Dalkahwa in Amreli district.

The Bhadra originates near Aniali village in Rajkot district. The Dhadhar rises near Ghantar village in Panchmahal district. Sabarmati and Mahi are the two famous rivers of Gujarat.

The Vaitarna originates from the Trimbak hills in Nasik district at an elevation of 670 m. The Kalinadi rises from Belgaum district and falls in the Karwar Bay. The source of Bedti River lies in Hubli Dharwar and traverses a course of 161 km.

The Sharavati is another important river in Karnataka flowing towards the west. The Sharavati originates in Shimoga district of Karnataka and drains a catchment area of 2,209 sq. km.

The Mandovi and the Juari is two important rivers of Goa.

• Kerala has a narrow coastline. The longest river of Kerala, Bharathapuzha rises near Annamalai hills. It is also known as Ponnani. It drains an area of 5,397 sq. km. The Periyar is the second largest river of Kerala. Its catchment area is 5,243 sq. km. You can see that there is a marginal difference in the catchment area of the Bhartapuzha and the Periyar rivers. Another river of Kerala worth mentioning is the Pamba River which falls in the Vemobanad lake after traversing a course of 177 km. lake after traversing a course of 177 km.

River

Catchment area (sq. Km)

Sabarmati

21,674

Mahi

34,842

Dhandhar

2,770

Kalinadi

5,179

Sharavati

2,029

Bharathapuzha

5,397

Periyar

5,243