Article 74(1) of the Constitution states that there shall be a council of ministers with Prime Minister as its head to aid and advice the President who shall exercise his function in accordance with advice tendered. Thus the real power is vested in council of ministers with Prime Minister as its head.
Appointment of the Prime Minister
Powers and Functions
The Prime Minister performs many significant functions in the Indian political system and exercises vast powers to his advantage. He is the chief executive of the nation and works as head of union Government.
Functions in Coalition Government
Coalition is coming together or entering into an alliance of two or more separate parties persons for a temporary period with a specific objective of taking on activities of the state.
Powers in Single Party Government
When in elections a single party gains complete majority then President invites leader of such party to form government and act as Prime Minister. In such a case Prime Minister will have all the powers as stated in constitution with no restrictions. Thus, such a government is more stable.
Role in Minority Government
Minority government in parliamentary system is formed when a political party or a coalition of parties does not have majority of overall seats in the parliament but is sworn into government by the outside support of the other parties to break a hung parliament election results. In such a situation legislation can only be passed with the support of other parties. This government tends to be less stable than majority government. A classic example in political history is of Narasimha Rao government. In such a condition Prime Minister is not necessarily the head of largest party, he can be any person as decided by all the members. In such a situation government relies on other parties to pass laws. The major difference between coalition and minority government is that in coalition government the opposition parties in minority government create an agreement by which they are allowed to take control of government.
Prime Ministers of India Till Date.
|2||Gulzari Lal Nanda||1964-1964|
|3||Lal Bahadur Shastri||1964-1966|
|4||Gulzari Lal Nanda||1966-1966(Acting)|
|10||Vishwanath Pratap Singh||1989-1990|
|12||P V Narasimha Rao||1991-1996|
|13||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||1996-1996(16 days)|
|14||H D Deve Gowda
|15||I K Gujral||1997-1998|
|16||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||1998-1999|
|17||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||1999-2004|
|18||Dr Manmohan Singh||2004-2009|
|19||Dr Manmohan Singh||2009-2014|